I need some way to remember verb endings
I know it when I see it in spanish, but when I have to translate to english I always wind up using -es when I mean -en or -en when I mean -e. HELP! Anyone have a good mnemonic or other trick to remember the verb endings?
Basically you just have to learn the conjugation patterns. The easiest way to do it is to familiarize yourself with a concept known as "grammatical person". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_person In Spanish this is very important since the verbs conjugation depends heavily on which person is the subject of the sentence. There are three types of verbs in Spansish: verbs that end in -ar, verbs that end in -er, and verbs that end in -ir. This is important to know because each different verb group follows a different conjugation. Here is a chart for the present tense regular verbs: -ar verbs: -o | -as | -a | -amos | -áis | -an -er verbs: -o | -es | -e | -emos | -éis | -en -ir verbs: -o | -es | -e | -imos | -ís | -en
A mnemonic isn't really a good solution, since then you will have to think of the mnemonic every time you use a verb, which slows you down too much to participate in a conversation. The only good solution is to practice. There are some very helpful verb drills on studyspanish.com.
Not so complicated Use en when the sentence begins with they Use e when the sentence begins with he or sh Use en for they Use o for I
Guedy is right. In time you will learn so associate o endings with yo, s endings with tú, a or e endings with él/ella/usted, mos endings with nosotros and n endings with ellos/ellas/ustedes. I found that it also helps to say all the conjugated wourds out loud while pointing to the subjects. For example, say "como" and point to yourself. "comes" point to an imaginary friend in front of you. "come" point to a person a little bit 'over there'. "comemos" point to yourself and the people on either side of you. "comen" point to the people all the way 'over there' . You might think it's silly, but it really does work! Good luck!
I have a suggestion that will not necessarily help you clinch it, but it will at least give you some guidance: Think of Present Tense verb conjugations as a continuum, or a long line. On the near end of the line are the “O” conjugations—those for the first person singular (“yo como”). On the far end of the line are the “N” conjugations—those for the third person plural (“ellos comen”), and everything else falls in between. If you want to drill down further, then come the "E" for the third person singular (and for "Usted"), and finally some form with "S" for every other person (second p. singular, first p. plural, etc.). Another trick is to keep in mind that Spanish-language logic is often the mirror image of English logic. Therefore, in the persons falling under "E" and "S" categories, use "S" when English uses "e," and "E" when English uses "s." For example: "you run" -- "tú corres" / "we run" -- "nosotros corremos" / "he runs" -- "él corre."