Eating in French
Hi! I am having trouble in figuring out how to correctly use the word "manges". Can someone help me in translating the following; He is eating He ate They are eating We are eating You are eating. I am basically looking to understand the how are the different versions of "manges" is used.
Help will be highly appreciated.
He is eating is ils mangent (there's no formal difference between saying 'He does something' or 'He is doing something' in French, but you could also say 'Il est en train de manger' informally for 'He is eating'. The same conjugation goes for je (I), elle (she) and on (we; but more informal) too. The other conjugations are: 'Tu manges' (for an informal you), 'Vous mangez' (for a formal or plural you; think y'all or you guys), 'Nous mangeons' (for we), and 'Ils/Elles mangent' (for they; ils for a group of at least one male, and elles for an all female group). French has two common past tenses (there is a more formal one that's rare and I don't know well). One means closer to 'I was eating' (Je mangeais), and the other means closer to 'I have eaten' (J'ai mangé; literally 'I have eaten' using the verb avoir (to have)). Both can be used to simply say 'I ate'. The other congugations are 'Tu mangeais', 'Il/Elle/On mangeait', 'Nous mangions', 'Vous mangiez', 'Ils/Elles mangaient'. The other conjugations are the same as avoir + mangé (or mangée if the object (not the subject) is feminine, mangés if plural masculine, and mangées if plural feminine). 'Tu as mangé', 'Il/Elle/On a mangé', 'Nous avons mangé', 'Vous avez mangé', 'Ils/Elles avaient mangé'. I hope I got everything right; I'll admit I did have to use Wiktionary to spell some of them, I hope this helped you.
Studying the 3 major verb conjugations and a few important irregular verbs will advance your French skills considerably, and Duo doesn't really do a great job drilling you on these.
This means knowing the various grammatical forms, both in French and in your native language, whatever that is. There will be differences, French has more verb tenses that English does, for example.
Here's a site that can show conjugations for 12,000 French verbs: http://www.conjugation-fr.com/
Wiki has a fairly good page on French verbs that shows the various tenses and moods--you need to know what these are or the previous site won't be much help: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_verbs
I like the Cliffs Notes pages on French verbs, but I used to do computer work for the company (nearly 20 years ago, when it was owned by my wife's family): https://www.cliffsnotes.com/study-guides/french/french-i
I also own and regularly consult the book "501 French Verbs", the front matter does an excellent job teaching what the various tenses and moods are, at least for someone who knows English. The book also has a list of what it calls 55 essential French verbs. My goal for the next two months is to be able to learn all the major moods and tenses for those 55 verbs.
If you're the type of person who needs drills, like I am, this site has them: https://www.laits.utexas.edu/fi/vp/
Hi HamzaSyedA, I hope I can help by sharing what I learnt in school with you :-) Well firstly the verb itself is "manger" (to eat).It is an "er" verb.There are three types of verbs in French: er, ir and re verbs. For the conjugation of any regular "er" verb in the present tense, the "er" ending is replaced as follows:
Je- e (so to say "I eat/I am eating, you drop the er from manger and add "e" so it becomes je mange)
Tu -es (again, drop er, add es to get tu manges ---> You eat/ You are eating)
Il/ Elle- e (He/ she...)
Nous -ons (We...)
Vous -ez (You, plural/familiar)
Ils/Elles -ent (They masculine/They feminine...)
However, manger is actually irregular thus there is an exception to the general form in the case of "nous". If we were to just drop er from manger and add ons, we would end up with "mangons". This would be pronounced "mawn-gaw", and the soft sound of the g in manger would be replaced by a hard one. So as to preserve the soft sound of the g, an e has to be added after the g ; that's how it becomes nous mangeons, pronounced "mawn-jhaw" ( I really apologize for my terrible pronunciation spelling :-P). Present Tense and Present Continuous Tense take the same conjugation. If you learn the rules of conjugation, you are better able to understand the forms of the verb and what translates to what.
To make expressions about the past, le passé composé (past tense) or l'imparfait (the imperfect tense) is used; the appropriate conjugated form of avoir is used with mangé to mean ate/ have eaten. (j'ai mangé, tu as mangé, ils ont mangé, etc.) The imperfect tense is sort of like the past continuous, and so in the case of manger it translates to mean "I was eating" or "I used to eat". Just like the present tense, there are specific endings which replace "er" for each form of the verb "to be" (I was eating/I used to eat- Je mangeais).
I hope I could help :-)