Luxembourgish Lessons #35: Imperatives
Welcome to number thirty-five of the Luxembourgish lessons, which will discuss forming imperative verbs.
- Imperatives: Grammar
The most common way of forming the imperative (for verbs ending in -en) is to take off the -en from the infinitive . Below are a few examples:
This is not a full-proof rule, though, as there are exceptions to this rule (as always), a few of which will be shown a bit later here.
Du vs. Dir
In Luxembourgish, there are two forms of the imperative: one for the pronoun du (informal singular "you") and another for the pronoun Dir/dir (formal/plural "you"). For the most part, the only difference between the two is that the latter adds the suffix -t to the informal imperative.
However, another way to form the dir imperative is to instead take the second person plural conjugation of the verb. Below are a few examples of this formation:
¹ Iren is a reflexive verb, so is should be learned as sech iren
² Sinn and hunn have two forms of the 2nd formal/plural imperative, which follow the pattern of adding a "t" to the 2nd informal imperative (seift and hieft respectively in this case)
Verbs with separable prefixes have those prefixes detached when in the imperative, with the prefix occurring immediately after the verb.
For example, the verb ugräifen (to attack), composed of the verb gräifen and the prefix un, would have the imperative gräif un. Likewise, the verb nofroen (to inquire) would take the imperative fro no.
The addition of -t to denote the second person formal/plural imperative occurs on the verb, not the prefix (ex. frot no, not fro not)