if they eat fruit, that's singular, but it means more than one fruit. shouldn't 'frutti' be used then instead of 'frutta'?
"La frutta" means fruit as uncountable, while "il frutto" as countable: i.e. "L'uccello mangia (la) frutta" ("the bird eats fruit", or the bird eats fruits as part of its diet) and "L'uccello mangia il frutto" ("the bird eats the fruit", or the bird eats that one fruit I'm talking about).
Formica - I'm wondering if a similar construction applies to "the vegetable" in a singular sense?
No, there is no single word to refer to a generic vegetable, except "vegetale" which also refers to trees and fruit; you can use "ortaggio" for most of them though (the group excludes leaves like rocket or lettuce).
can someone explain why the double "c" here is a is a "ch" sound and not a hard "k" sound? I found mostly single c's are "ch" and double c's are "k." Is this just an exception to the rule, or is there something else at play here?
"c" sounds like "ch" like in church before i and e,and like "k" in kitchen before a,o and u
It is write that "gli" only comes before plural masculine nouns, but that noum doesn't necessarily start with a vowel. "Gli" is the plural form of "l'" and of "lo", so it also comes before plural forms of nouns that would take the "lo" in the singular, like "gli squali", "gli zuccheri", "gli gnomi".
does the noun have to begin with a vowel and be masculine? or can i work with feminine nouns that begin with a vowel
Yes, 'gli' is used only when all three conditions listed above are met. The feminine is always 'le'.
gli + first letter is a vocale gli uomi ----- i + first letter is a consonate i gatti -------- I'm sorry but when i press "enter" I do want a "linebreak/word wraping". Sorry for my english...
yes, all the above + Keep in mind "gli" is only for masculine!! The vowel-starting feminine word will be pluralized with "le", such as "le ore" but I haven't see many examples of this!
As liligrinch mentioned above, "eat THE fruit" would translate "mangiano LA frutta".
Is there a word for one female bird and for one male bird ? Is there a word for plural female birds and one for plural male birds ?
I wrote "The birds eat the fruit" why isn't adding the second 'the' correct??
why do the say fruit and you are expected to put the? and other times you add the and it is wrong