am i crazy, or is this grammar tricky?
okay, so i have a big old vocabulary of swedish words now, but for some reason i just cannot grasp the grammar! in particular this is frustrating as people are saying swedish grammar is very similar to english and therefore easy such as https://www.quora.com/For-an-English-speaker-is-it-easier-to-learn-Swedish-German-or-French
it's the basic things like: "det gör jag" it do i (i do)
"Varför frågar du?" why ask you (why do you ask)
"Ja, det gör han." yes that does him (yes he does)
"När kommer kvinnorna?" when is coming the women (when are the women coming?)
"Vad skrattar du åt?" what laugh you at (what are you laughing at?)
please tell me if im just getting these translations wrong! i am confused, and for months i have being trying to wrap my head around it but i just cant as i have no experience learning new syntax rules. anyone have a simple explanation to these - and a way to understand and learn them?
Det gör jag is one of those sentence constructions that you'll eventually get accustomed to using. It is common to phrase things that in Danish also; some other examples are det tror han, det gör mig glad, det vet du, etc.
Like the other Scandinavian languages, Swedish follows V2 rule, which basically says that the verb must come in the second "place" of the sentence. There are probably exceptions to this but this is the rule of thumb. That's why sometimes you'll see sentences like I dag (1) åt (2) han (3) mat (4) (instead of I dag (1) han (2) åt (3) mat (4), which is not grammatically correct as a standalone sentence).
As for questions, you invert the subject and the verb. For example "Did you hear that" → Hörde du det?
Questions with helping words (vem, vad, när, var, varför, vilken/vilket/vilka, etc.) generally follow the same sentence structure as those of questions in English, except English has helping verbs like "do" and "am/is/are" added in.
BTW I believe your examples are all correct! :)
Your sentences are all perfect. It seems you're on the right road, so just keep walking! :)