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Welsh

is it "cymraeg" or "gymraeg" ?

1 year ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/ibisc
ibisc
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Cymraeg - 'Welsh (language)' as a noun, 'Welsh-language' or 'Welsh-speaking' as an adjective

Cymreig - 'Welsh' generally, as an adjective

The initial C- turns to G- through soft mutation, something which is explained in the course.

Examples:

  • papur newyddion Cymraeg - a Welsh-language newspaper
  • siop Gymreig - a Welsh shop
  • nofel Gymraeg - a Welsh(-language) novel
  • Dw i'n hoffi dysgu Cymraeg - I like learning Welsh
1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JohnRamsbo

That gets more confusing! Surely the first 3 examples are all adjectives. Why should a novel be G and a newspaper C? Then is it aeg or eig ?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EllisVaughan
EllisVaughan
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They are all indeed all adjectives. Except "Papur newyddion" is masculine therefore it is not followed by a soft mutation on adjectives, whereas "Nofel" is feminine and so it does cause a soft mutation on adjectives. "Cymraeg" would be used to describe a novel in the Welsh language whereas "Cymreig" would simply refer to any novel from Wales.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AmareloTiago
AmareloTiago
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There are a handful of consonant sounds at the beginning of a word that can change the sound they make based on the last letter that came before them. This process is called Mutation and there are three kinds of Mutation in Welsh.

https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Welsh/Mutations

1 year ago