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https://www.duolingo.com/starboystellan

"j" at end of word

So I just started "Plurals" in the Esperanto tree, and I keep seeing the "J" at the end of words that they hadn't been on before. does this mean they are plural?

So if you put the "j" at the end of a noun it is plural?

1 year ago

16 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/DiaNublado
DiaNublado
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Yes, in Esperanto we form the plural by add "j" at the end of the nouns, like: Libro-libroj, it is very simple. I hope I've helped.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/starboystellan

okay thanks!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Kliphph
Kliphph
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Don't forget that adjectives preceding the pluralised noun also require a "j" ie. "grandaj libroj / big books" instead of just "granda libroj".

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/starboystellan

okay thanks! that's important

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/orthohawk
orthohawk
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Not just preceding. ANY adjective modifying a plural noun, no matter where it is, will take the -j as well (unless, e.g. there a bunch of domoj of all colors and you're talking only about the red and blue ones, you'd say, "la blua kaj la rugxa domoj estas"

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo
mizinamo
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Specifically if you're only talking about the red one and the blue one (i.e. one of each).

If there are bunch of domoj of all colours and you're talking about the two red ones and the three blue ones, it would have to be la bluaj kaj la ru─Łaj domoj estas.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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The web version has a grammar guide for each unit that answers questions like this in advance. It's worth checking out.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/starboystellan

okay thaks

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jdroege

Forming plurals in Esperanto is so easy (compared to English and German) that you will feel confused. It is almost TOO easy!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/starboystellan

wow cool! interesting

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Claire_Ten_Boom

Great! Thanks for the help! I'm starboystellans sister!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DiaNublado
DiaNublado
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Your whole family are learning Esperanto ? That's so cool, sucess.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/starboystellan

;) yep

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ionasky
ionasky
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Thats really nice, a secret family language is really cool. You guys are doing really well and very quickly.

perhaps you ( and your sister) should not say how old you are on your profile, its an online safety thing and although no one can easily write to people on their activity streams anymore i think its still a duolingo policy and worth getting in the habit of practicing.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/starboystellan

okay, cool idea. how do you like Esperanto?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ionasky
ionasky
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I love it, getting to be quite reasonable at it now.

1 year ago