How do I express plural of different words? Maedchen remains the same, Kind becomes Kinder and Kartoffel becomes Kartoffeln? Am I to memorize them individually?
There are some rules for plural -- there are like 11 standard ways to make plurals -- though of course there are exceptions. But i think youll find that major exceptions in german will be a little less frequent than those in english. German grammar tends to be pretty strict.
no actually there are some rules * that i found in youtube* that can help you to recognize the plural
"Erdapfel" is chiefly Austrian. You may not be understood if you use this word in Germany.
I am not sure... What I am sure about is that that would be a literal translation from Dutch... so it might be possible, teh languages are very simular
It's "conk"/"hooter" as in a big nose, but the primary meaning of "Kartoffel" is potato.
Mnemonic Đi-car-to-fell: a truckload of potato scrambling on a car and they fell
Are all fruits/vegetables feminine? Can we place any such suppositions when deciding gender? Or is it just bluntly memorising?
Unfortunately, it's not that simple... It seems MOST Fruits/vegetables are feminine, but some are masculine or neutral. Potato (fem.) = die Kartoffel -- Apple (masc.) = der Apfel -- Radish (neut.) = das Radieschen
Why does every single verb in German have its own gender? If there is some sort of way to know what gender a verb is than please tell me.
verbs don't have a gender, nouns do. And there's no way except learning as far as I know
It looks as if you have moved on to Esperanto, ThomasBook1, but to answer your question, I've pasted an excerpt from another thread:
... You're really just going to have to memorize the gender of the nouns, but, until that happens, you may benefit from reading through a couple of posts on this topic. You may find some overlap in these two posts, but I thought they were each deserving of a reference, so I've listed them both:
The page at the link below is also a good reference:
Hope that helps you or anyone else who asks this question.
in forming plural of Kartoffel-will remain same as it is end with "el", just die change to der ... I belive so.
you are right that it changes to 'die' however the ending of potatoes changes too, the complete plural word is " Die Kartoffeln"