"These are the best potatoes."
Translation:Ăștia sunt cei mai buni cartofi.
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For masculine plural, aceștia (formal) can replace ăștia (informal) and, for feminine plural, acestea (formal) can replace astea (informal). They are the equivalent of saying these in English like in this sentence (unattached to something).
If you would instead want to say These potatoes are the best potatoes (notice that these is now attached to potatoes), then you can say acești cartofi sunt cei mai buni cartofi, and aceste is the female variant of acești. Something like aceste flori sunt frumoase (these flowers are beautiful).
I hope it answers your question of why it isn't correct and that it clarifies their usage for you.
The answer above (Ăștia sunt cei mai buni cartofi) is different to the one given in the exercise (Ăștia sunt cartofii cei mai buni).
Also, the suggested word for 'potatoes' given in the options available, was/is 'cartofi', not 'cartofii'. Duo gave me the corrected version, with 'cartofii', underlined. I suspect tha will adversely affect my/our overall score. As it was a "select the words and put them in the correct order" type of exercise, raher than one where we can type the translation, this doesn't feel fair.
Gripe aside, does the variable word order of the two sentence versions affect their meaning, or are they simply two equal variants?.. 1. Ăștia sunt cartofii cei mai buni. 2. Ăștia sunt cei mai buni cartofi.