"The son has a son."
Translation:Der Sohn hat einen Sohn.
because is accusative , the article of Sohn is "Der" and in accusative the masculine will change with a "en" at the end , I hope you understand :)
Where can I learn all these cases? accusative, dative, etc? I'm having a lot of trouble because i dont know.
Dec 11, 2015 - Anirudhmkonduru, perhaps you could start at the beginning of a German grammar site, review what you know and fill in the missing bits. These sites have free overviews of German with lots of detailed discussion. Then you will feel a lot less frustrated and overwhelmed. Coupled with Duo, you will be happier with your progress.
Those are my favorite sites, maybe others have further suggestions.
Oh! And here is a review of the cases in English, so it will make more sense when you are looking at German grammar.
It is just a bit awkward, as you normally would not say it that way. Normally you would say something like "Er hat ein Enkelkind" (He has a grandchild).
I think it is einen because the second son is the accusitive case. But I could be wrong.
I understand that einen is akkusative for masculine article (the). but, what i fail to understand is when is the sentence to be considered akkusative or how do we know that the sentence is to be nominative, akkusative or dativ?
October 6, 2015 - Here are the basic parts of speech for English: http://grammar.about.com/od/basicsentencegrammar/a/POS.htm
If you become a little more familiar with English grammar, then the discussion of German grammar will make more sense. It won't take much, just knowing the parts of speech will take you a long way.
German uses endings to indicate which parts of speech the words are playing in the sentences. A basic noun can be the subject (nominative), direct object (accusative), an indirect object (dative), or a possessive (genitive). That's an extremely simplified overview. Like learning the rules of a game, it takes a while to get all the details.
Here are some basic German grammar sites for English speakers:
My first intuition is to say "Der Sohn hat sich einen Sohn." Is this correct? Does it mean something different?
Well it is kind of correct but if you translate it to English it would be " the son has himself a son" so the "sich" is not necessary here :)
Das is used as the article for neutral nouns. Since Sohn is a masculine noun you need to use the masculine article 'der'