"In South Wales"
Translation:Yn Ne Cymru
Does the "Ne" come before the "Cymru" because it is a special name, or is "Ne" an adjective that comes before a noun, or ...?
In Welsh, the compass directions are treated as nouns, not adjectives. Putting two nouns together shows a possessive relationship between them, with the thing possessed coming first in the pair:
- car Dewi - Dewi's car (literally, in awkward English, 'the car of Dewi')
- tîm Cymru - the Welsh team (lit - 'the team of Wales')
- de Cymru - south Wales (lit - 'the south of Wales')
Note that Welsh does not need the equivalent if 'the' and 'of' in the English patterns.
So, and remembering that yn used as a preposition meaning 'in' causes a nasal mutation:
- yn ne Cymru - in south Wales