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Luxembourgish Lessons #39: Relative Pronouns

Welcome to number thirty-nine of the Luxembourgish lessons, which will discuss the function of relative pronouns.


Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns are pronouns that connect a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun, mainly as a way to distinguish one thing from another. For example, in the phrase "The man who loves the cow", the word "who" acts to specify what man the phrase is referring to.

Below is a chart showing all of the relative pronouns:

For those here who remember back to lesson #9, you will notice that the relative pronouns (save for the genitive case for which I cannot confirm) are the exact same as the definite emphatic articles.

In Luxembourgish, relative pronouns must be consistent with the case, gender, and number of the noun it is describing. For example, the sentence Ich spille mat dem Kand, deem krank ass (I play with the child who is sick), the relative pronoun deem has the same case (dative), gender (neuter), and number (singular) as the noun which it is referring to (being Kand). For reference, the sentence "The child who is sick is playing" would translate as D'Kand, dat krank ass, spillt.

Also, relative clauses must always be set off by a comma from the rest of the sentence.


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April 28, 2017

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