https://www.duolingo.com/sofree

es & eres

How to use es & eres? I thought

(single, feminine): es? (single, masculine): eres?

But it seems wrong when I see "Él es un niño."

Thank you for your help.

March 22, 2012

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/sommerlied

I think "eres" is second person singular, "es" is third person singular. Like this: "Él es un niño." = He is a boy; "Eres un niño." = You are a boy; It doesn't have anything to do with the gender.

March 22, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/rayweb

@sommerlied i'm glad youre back, i followed you yrs ago and hadnt seen you in a while. youre awesome

April 24, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/danio

It does mean 'You', but more formally. It's just how Romanic Languages work - you use third person singular to be more formal when speaking to a stranger or someone important. E.g. you use "Tu eres un hombre" (you are a man) to say to someone you know (a friend for example) and "Usted es un hombre" (You are a man) to say the same to a stranger.

March 26, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/danio

Exactly, sommerlied.

March 24, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/sofree

But why "Usted es una niña." ? Isn't it second person singular?

March 26, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/danio

I think that when you use Usted it's more formal. And Usted is third person singular, so 'es' is the correct form of the verb 'to be'.

March 26, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/sofree

Usted is third person singular? I thought it means "You"?

March 26, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/sofree

Understood. Thank you very much. It's very helpful. :)

March 26, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/KateRichards

will "tu es" be considered incorrect?

March 14, 2014
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