"You give that girl a slice of cake."
Translation:Tu îi dai acelei fete o felie de tort.
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both the dative and genitive feminine singular and plural use the nominative plural form of the noun.
the way to distinguish between singular and plural is to look at the other words
to a girl = unei fete to some girls = unor fete
to the girl = fetei to the girls = fetelor
to the one = celei to the ones = celor
to the other girl = celeilalte fete to the other girls = celorlalte fete
to the same girl = aceleiași fete to the same girls = acelorași fete
there are three ways to say 'to this girl'
acestei fete / fetei aceast / fetei asta
and three ways to say 'to these girls'
acestor fete / fetelor acestea / fetelor astea
there are three ways to say 'to that girl'
acelei fete / fetei aceea / fetei aia
and three ways to say 'to those girls'
acelor fete / feteor acelea / fetelor alea
Our way of saying to this/that girl is acestei/acelei fete. Feminine things seem to transform this way into something looking like the plural. We know it is not the plural because acestei/acelei (fete) indicates the singular, while acestor/acelor (fete) would indicate plural.
I think it's called declination and it is based on case and article.
For masculine and neuter things, we seem to use a form that looks like the singular:
- acestui/acelui băiat (singular masculine), acestor/acelor băieți (plural masculine)
- acestui/acelui scaun (singular neuter), acestor/acelor scaune (plural neuter)
So the strange phenomenon seems to be happening for feminine things.
Thank you for this razvan.marin. I smiled while reading your response because when I ask my Romanian-speaking girlfriend about Romanian grammar, she often answers with things like "I guess this strange phenomenon...", or "we seem to use a form...", or "I'm not sure why but I just know that's the way it is", etc. :-)
Can i use the colloquial versions of DPPA together with Gen/Dat constructions? i.E.
tu-i dai fetei aia o felie de tort
|you give her| tu-i dai |Girl in art. Gen/Dat | fetei |colloq. DPPA (fem. sing.) after art. noun | aia
How should sentences look like if i want to use: ăsta -ăla, ăştia -ăia, asta -aia, astea -alea
Thanks in advance
Whoever downvoted that question should explain how I should magically know the answer. Because that would be the only reason that the question would be of no value.
just look here:
The post from WarsawWill explains it all.