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https://www.duolingo.com/ChristianofPeace

Which of the five romance languages here...

Which of the five romance languages here most closely resembles that of Latin? I've heard it's Romanian because of the cases but my gut tells me Italian. Does anyone know?

1 year ago

14 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Mr_Eyl
Mr_Eyl
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Like the article says, when asking a question like this you should be aware that the Romance languages developed from Vulgar Latin, not the Classical Latin which people tend to learn today.

Vulgar Latin was the language of the 'common man'- this includes the Latin spoken by Roman subjects in territories outside of Italy, and its many varieties. There were large differences in vocabulary compared to Classical Latin, marked changes in pronunciation, no neuter gender, a few less cases, different prepositions and different verb conjugations.

Late period Vulgar Latin is closer to Italian than Classical Latin is- in fact, all of the Romance Languages are more closely related to each other than they are to Classical Latin.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/garpike
garpike
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I'd say Italian too. Romanian has certainly preserved more grammatical features from Latin, but it sounds completely different, is spelt very differently and has an abundance of Slavic and Turkic loanwords. In Italian, on the other hand, plenty of Latin words have passed down practically unchanged. It really depends what your criteria of resemblance are: I should guess if you were to go back in time and give a Roman a modern Italian text and a Romanian text, he'd be able to glean a lot more meaning from the Italian one.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ChristianofPeace

"I should guess if you were to go back in time and give a Roman a modern Italian text and a Romanian text, he'd be able to glean a lot more meaning from the Italian one."

I'd guess this too and I'd guess that it'd work in reverse?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/f.formica
f.formica
Mod
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To some extent, but it backfires spectacularly in school: I've had a classmate celebrate when she got a slightly-less-catastrophic score, and it was still way below a passing grade. Although the teaching system doesn't help, and some teachers cut points for each mistake so I've seen negative scores. In general it's true that we can identify most words at a glance, but the grammar is different in the most important places (e.g. articles, prepositions, declension) and the Latin word order is often closer to modern German, so usually it takes either a good intuition or a deep understanding of grammar to glean the actual meaning.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DuoFaber
DuoFaber
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That's also why you're allowed to use a Latin-Italian dictionary in class (usually 2000 pages long), the grammar is so difficult that even knowing the meaning of every single word doesn't really help that much... it was all about remembering grammar rules and declensions.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ShatteredStar
ShatteredStar
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Grammar is Romanian. But the others? Nope! Lol, interesting question! :) You can scroll down the page until you reach the part called 'Overall', which gives you a percentage list.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ChristianofPeace

It was interesting, thank you.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JimLeonard0
JimLeonard0
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there are six on this site.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/lizsue
lizsue
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Yes - Catalan, French, Italian, Romanian, Portuguese, and Spanish. :)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ChristianofPeace

Five of which are for English speakers.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/El_Gusano
El_Gusano
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According to various studies, Italian most closely resembles Latin. Of course it also makes sense since Latin originated in what is now Italy. People say it's good to learn Latin to understand the roots of many English words. I say it's better to learn it's closest living form. Which is, of course, one of several reasons why I'm learning Italian. The biggest reason for learning it is that I fell in love with the language and continue doing so the more I learn. I highly recommend Italian!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Patrick.-
Patrick.-
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Don't forget Esperanto, it might be a constructed language, but it is a romance, balto-slavic and germanic language at the same time.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/knudvaneeden
knudvaneeden
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Italian probably, which I consider further a very easy natural language. But Latin has e.g. 6 cases which should make it much harder.

I did not see in what I learned until now much associations (e.g. in words) between Romanian and Latin.

1 year ago