Is there similarities with Russian and English?
Being honest, I find more similarities in my native language (Spanish)than in English. Yes, there are some words that are similar to English ones like директор, and so really different like яблоко (does this word sound like ''apple'' to you?).
English is a Germanic language, while Russian is a Slavic one. Therefore they would have different grammar rules and words which you would not understand at the first sight unless you know the meaning or it sounds like an English one.
Luck in your Russian course, be persistent!
So I'm not this only one who thinks this! Not many words in Russian sound like English words (one word off the top of my head is плеер, which sounds like player and means the same thing, but it's a music player to be exact). But when I first started learning, I noticed это sounds a lot like "esto" in Spanish, and mean the same thing.
... really different like яблоко (does this word sound like ''apple'' to you?)
This is kind of funny, because these two actually come from the same PIE root.
what is PIE root? It sounds interesting!
I keep my ears open for words that could have Scandinavian/viking roots, because the vikings sailed up the rivers and settled in Novgorod.
Thank you! Apple in modern danish is "æble", old danish "abild" both of which are certainly similar to яблоко (yabloko).
"Going by the wordfrequency.info list of 5k most frequently used English words (here's the list itself), I get the following numbers:
1 - 100: 0 matches. (1 Proto-Indo-European relative in my/мой; day/день are false cognates).
101 - 200: 8 matches. School/школа, student/студент, group/группа, problem/проблема, American (adj)/американский, company/компания, system/система, program/программа.
201 - 300: 7 matches. Number/номер, million/миллион, national/национальный, fact/факт, business/бизнес, service/сервис, political/политический. Although night/ночь both descend from the same Proto-Indo-European root, they now only share one common letter, so I'm not counting these.
301 - 400: 15 matches. President/президент, real/реальный, minute/минута, idea/идея, information/информация, social/социальный, public/публичный, office/офис, person/персона, history/история, result/результат, moment/момент, second/секунда, process/процесс, music/музыка.
401 - 500: 12 matches. Nation/нация, college/колледж, interest/интерес, effect/эффект, class/класс, control/контроль, role/роль, economic/экономический, show/шоу, leader/лидер, police/полиция, federal/федеральный.
501 - 600: 23 matches. International/интернациональный, model/модель, season/сезон, position/позиция, special/специальный, form/форма, official/официальный, center/центр, site/сайт, project/проект, American (noun)/американец, situation/ситуация, industry/индустрия, product/продукт, doctor/доктор, patient/пациент, test/тест, technology/технология, computer/компьютер, type/тип, film/фильм, Republican/республиканец, organization/организация."
"Greek, Latin and French were the languages of educated persons for a long time in the history of Russia. Many words, especially of scientific origin, are the same between English and Russian, because they were borrowed from the same sources."
thank you for this info! What a wonderful resource, I didn't know lists like this exist!
Grammar and vocabulary: in general little similarity in my opinion, at this moment.
But in Russia they use (in my opinion) a lot of phonetically equivalent representations of e.g. names (of shops, ...). E.g. Burger King they write (almost) the same but using its Cyrillic letters. So when you walk around in the streets of St. Petersburg or Moscow you (might) recognize a lot of shops.
There are a few cognates, but the alphabet is very different and the grammar differs as well. They are not from the same language family. It's a pretty difficult language from English-speakers, but do not be discouraged.
Not sure about the structure, but some words definitely are. Have a look at this: https://therussianblog.wordpress.com/2012/03/21/the-russian-that-you-already-know-cognates/
thank you so much! I am struggling with the same thing, to find something recognizable would speed up learning!
most english words ending on TION (constitution, revolution, nation, station) all of these have similar pronunciation on russian with ЦИЯ at end (конституция, революция, нация, станция). I found this example at some of english lessons on youtube (Полиглот)
Brother - брат mother - матери, мать son - сын daughter - дочь, дочери. king - княгиня, княжич baron - боярин, барин bath - баня nose - нос rib - ребро snow - снег cow - корова stand - встать bye - баю бай beat - бить mouse - мышь be - быть deal - дело dear - дорогой night - ночь swine - свинья linen - лён garden - огород bad - беда tree - деревья will - воля boat - ботик brave - бравый market - ярмарка wall - вал curve - кривой skate - катить screw - крутить door - дверь love - любовь small - мал dream - дрема robe - роба, рубище milk - молоко stall - стойло dawn - ко дну noisy - назойливый cold - холодный kill - колоть, убивать float - плот frozen - морозный water - вода cheek - щека raven - ворон cat - кот mushroom - мухомор (гриб) brow - бровь crook - крюк beard - борода left - лево right - право stream - струя talk - толковать dale - долина goose - гусь sun - солнце strange - странный flame - пламя There are old and ancient words, without innovations.