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  5. 'sich freuen über' vs. 'sich …


'sich freuen über' vs. 'sich freuen auf'

  1. The words that begin with be- have to always have an object. But why there is none in "Die Gefahr besteht,"?

  2. What is the difference between:

) "Du scheinst kaputt,"; and
) "Du wirkst kaputt,"?

  1. What is the difference between sich freuen über and sich freuen auf?


May 8, 2017



scheinen - seemed/seems to be" wirken - gives/gave the impression"

Ich freue mich auf den Abend - Freuen auf etwas was in der Zukunft passiert. (future) Ich freue mich über das Geschenk - Freuen auf etwas was bereits passiert ist. (present)

for lazy people ;)


As already mentioned both "kaputt" sentences do not sound smooth in this sentence for German ears. Maybe there is not even a grammatical reason.

The rule for transitive be-verbs seems to be more complicated: if a verb exists with and without this prefix the be-form is often transitive and has often an object. Zwingen - bezwingen, antworten - beantworten, bereden - reden

If the form without prefix does not exist, it may have an object but there is no fixed rule: beginnen, befürworten

And there are Verbs with different meaning for transitive and intransitive use:

bestehen without object means to exist: die Gefahr besteht, es bestehen Zweifel

with object it could mean to master or to consist of: die Prüfung bestehen. Teig besteht aus Wasser und Mehl.

But I would learn a language always context driven, i.e. transitive verbs: etwas bereden, etwas begreifen

expressions: bestehen auf - to insist on, bestehen in - to exist in, bestehen aus - to consist of

In many cases context driven learning is far more effective than applying grammar.


The words that begin with be- have to always have an object. But why there is none in "Die Gefahr besteht,"?

Obviously, the "rule" that words that begin with be- always have to have an object is not correct.

Many Verbs with be- are transitive but not all.

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