"He who has bread does not have teeth and he who does not have teeth has bread."
Translation:Quien tiene pan no tiene dientes y quien no tiene dientes tiene pan.
Let me answer this. Is correct that the translation of "he" is "él" with accent, but in this case this is like a popular phrase told in some towns.
When you are referring to no one (like in this case) you should "Aquel" o "El". Let me show you an example with the "él" and "el" being translated to English.
"Aquel/El que tiene pan" --> The one who has bread. "Él que tiene pan" ---> He who has bread.
The difference is that you are referring to no one specifically in the first case, and the second one is like you were pointing at someone - "Him, that has bread."
I hope this explains, if doesn't then I'll try again later.
If this is true, then why is the translation "he"? El is used as a substitute for he in this sentence; unless that is just the way the idiom is traditionally written. If it is "the one" that is gender neutral, and would not be "he' necessarily unless Duolingo is just using the masculine as a default (which seems strange). So, I'm not sure I understand your explanation.
It's common to use "he" this way in english: "to each his own" doesn't refer only to male folks. You can check out this thread on wordreference if you want: http://forum.wordreference.com/showthread.php?t=851342
I don't really think it's similar to the "grass is greener" idiom. That idiom is about how silly we are to think there something better just over there. This idiom is about how unfair life is that we only get given something when we can't use it.
I tried to find a similar idiom in English. I see lots of references to this one "The gods send nuts to those who have no teeth" but I don't recall ever hearing it before.
Another idiomatic expression. I think the correct ones are "Dios da pan a quién no tiene dientes/Dios da pan a quién no tiene hambre/Dios le da sombrero al que no tiene cabeza.
=God gives bread to those who have no teeth / are not hungry/God gives hat to whose who have no head.
I didn't find the equivalent expression in English, but I'm sure it does exist, except "it's an unfair world".
And sure enough, as soon as I post my previous statement, I run across the Italian version:
"Chi ha denti, non ha pane; e chi ha pane, non ha denti."
You should use google url to shorten your url. I don't think it comes from the Italian. I found this expression widely used on the internet in Spanish. The Italian could come from the Spanish, or both Spanish and Italian from another third language, old expressions have often equivalents in the other languages of Europe, it's the reason why I'm surprised not having found this one in English. I'm sure there's a similar expression in French, but I don't remember it.