Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

https://www.duolingo.com/Chilotin

Chilotin's Mapudungun Lessons 2

Chilotin
  • 25
  • 22
  • 17
  • 15
  • 15
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 44

List of lessons

Marimari kom pu che! / Hi everyone!

After pronounciation, it is time to learn some simple sentences.

Mapudungun is a language heavily focused on verbs. You can build up long word/sentences with only a verb and modifiers. However, the first step it will consist in learning sentences with no verb at all. This structure is used where Englis (or Spanish) use the verb to be to say A is B.

Tüfa trewa. is "This is a/the dog."
You also can say Trewa tüfa or with ta inserted between the words. Ta is not a verb, it connects a subject with a declaration about it. Tüfa is a demonstrative pronoun, similar to "this one".

Tüfey ta narki is "That is a cat". Tüfey is like "that", but there are different grades of distance.

Tie domo is "That is a woman". Tie is for distanct placements. If you know Spanish, it is like "aquel".

Finally, Üye ta wentru is "That is a man". Üye dessignates even more distanct objects/persons.

If you are in the same room with someone else, you would use tüfa for objects near to you, tüfey for objects nearer to the other person, tie for distanct objects, like a tool in another room. and üye for a cloud over a mountain in the horizon.

Let's practice. I'll add vocabulary and you can create sentences. iñche (I), eymi (you [singular]), fey (he/she/it), che (human being), ñuke (mother), chaw (father), wenhüy (friend), ñi (my), mi (your [singular owner]).

1 year ago

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Deyan161
Deyan161
  • 20
  • 17
  • 14
  • 8
  • 7
  • 6
  • 2
  • 2
  • 893

Tufa wenhuy. Uye mi trewa. Is the "mi" in the right place?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Chilotin
Chilotin
  • 25
  • 22
  • 17
  • 15
  • 15
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 44

Yes, it is in the right place. Usually, a "ta" is between both elements, but it is not essencial, it is a speaker's choice (meaning changes though).

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Deyan161
Deyan161
  • 20
  • 17
  • 14
  • 8
  • 7
  • 6
  • 2
  • 2
  • 893

Thx. This language is fascinating.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/piguy3
piguy3
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 21
  • 21
  • 18
  • 17
  • 17
  • 15
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 10
  • 9
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 45

Cool, thanks! "che" means "I" in Guaraní. Any idea if it's a loan one way or the other (or which one gave rise to the ubiquitous Argentine "che")? I know the languages aren't genetically related.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Chilotin
Chilotin
  • 25
  • 22
  • 17
  • 15
  • 15
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 44

There is no known relation. Argentine "che" seems to come from Catalan "xe/txe" with the same meaning.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/piguy3
piguy3
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 21
  • 21
  • 18
  • 17
  • 17
  • 15
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 10
  • 9
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 45

Wow, thanks, a random threefer!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Pullearner

Can you please give me a link to lesson 1 then I will do this

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Chilotin
Chilotin
  • 25
  • 22
  • 17
  • 15
  • 15
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 44

It is here. It was "hidden" in the link to pronounciation. Bye.

1 year ago