"The horse drinks water."
Translation:Das Pferd trinkt Wasser.
Trinken is specifically for humans, while saufen is for non-human animals. "trinkt" shouldn't be accepted as correct, but I guess at lower levels they don't want to introduce too much? I don't agree with that philosophy but whatever.
I don't know if it's still the case, but traditionally it's rude to use saufen when referring to humans.
Trinken is specifically for humans, while saufen is for non-human animals.
Eh? Who says that?
Compare the Duden entries for fressen and saufen -- fressen is "of animals" while saufen is "especially of larger animals".
An elephant or a horse might saufen, but using it for a hamster or a cat sounds odd to me.
I know 'ß' is 'ss', but can anyone tell me when specifically and how is 'ß' used and when to use 'ss'? Like why isn't water written as 'waßer'? (Seriously confused). Rocko?
Well, I don't know if you still need this, as I see your lever is already way higher than me, hehe. But incase anyone has the same question, I'll try to sum it up. :)
For subject ich (I), use "trinke".
For subject du (singular form of "you"/informal), use "trinkst".
For subject er (he) /sie (she) /es (it) and ihr (plural form of "you"/informal), use "trinkt".
For subject wir (we) /sie (they) and Sie (formal form of "you"/singular or plural), use "trinken".
My German teacher taught me this and I thought it might be helpful. This is how we memorize how to conjugate verbs based off of the subject(s) and pronouns. The letters after each pronoun represent how to conjugate a verb. You can come up with different sayings for this obviously; this is just an example.
Ich - E (eastern) Du - ST (standard) Er/Sie/Es - T (time) Wir - EN (entertains) Ihr - T (to) Sie - EN (entertain)
I believe you just have to memorize the conjugated endings. Focus on the last 2-3 letters.
For regular verbs, present tense, in general....: If the verb ends in "n", its plural. ( Wir handeln – we negotiate; Wir arbeiten – we work; Sie/sie handeln – they negotiate, Sie/sie arbeiten – they work ).
If it ends in "st", it's "you -singular" (du handelst – you (informal) negotiate, du lernst – you (informal) learn) negotiate).
If it end in "t" (no 'st'), its "you-Plural", or "3rd person singular." (ihr handelt – you (plural/informal) negotiate; ihr handelt – you (plural/informal) negotiate). Learning these can be a good start.
I try to remember He/she/it is trinkt by using it, he and she for tea (t) hope it helps. So she drinks is, Sie Trinkt, it drinks is es trinkt etc Trinken is easy as it is always with the en on the end. We Drink becomes Wir trinken, we have is Wir Haben, also We eat is Wir Essen, etc., I find trinkst is something I have to remember , you drink is Du trinkst, I just try to remember that anything with you in the sentence has an 'st' at the end.
And Rammstein do use it in a fairly poetic and metaphorical manner: "Ich bin der Reiter, du bist das Ross. Ich steige auf, wir reiten los", if I recall that correctly. Ross suggests a strong, male, probably dapper horse, while Pferd is very general and could even be an old mare.