"Quale" or "Qual" in Italian. When to use which?
Dear Italian learners,
Could anyone explain to me the rules behind "Quale" and "Qual" in asking questions? Like, when should I use "Quale", and when should I use "Qual" instead? The instructions on the Duolingo mobile App don't seem very clear to me. Thank you very much! Molte grazie!
Quale (Italian for which) like it's English equivalent implies a choice There are only three forms to Quale (to agree in number, it is invariable in regards to gender) The three forms are:
Quale - Singular Quali - Plural Qual - used before è
Gli esempi (examples);
Quale piatto è il tuo? - (Which plate is yours?) Quali lezioni hai capito? - (Which lessons do you understand?) Qual è il libro più interessante da leggere? - (Which is the most interesting book to read?)
Wow... Duolingo didn't even talk about the plural form of "which" in Italian. Molte grazie! Have a Lingot on me! :)
Quale is used before singular words that begin either with a vowel or with a consonant:
quale nuovo elemento
Quali is used before plural words that begin either with a vowel or with a consonant:
quali nuovi elementi
Sometimes in poetry quale is replaced with qual (no apostrophe!), but this never happens in the spoken language, with one notable exception (an idiomatic expression):
Qual buon vento ti porta? = What lucky chance brings you here?
Qual is also used before singular inflections of the verb essere that begin with 'e', according to the following scheme:
3rd person singular:
...but before plural persons:
quali eravamo, alternative spelling: qual'eravamo (rare)
quali eravate, alternative spelling: qual'eravate (rare)
quali erano, alternative spelling: qual'erano.
Is the same meaning, just when the first letter of the next word is a vowel you need to use "Qual". Otherwise use "Quale".