https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Vic223423

jordbæret??? Isn't it a typo???

Hello friends: I am studying Danish at Duolingo. I think it is a good place to learn and the team is making a good effort, buet I have a question. I have noticed that the word "the strawberry" is written

jordbæret

but in the dictionary of Danish (http://ordnet.dk/ddo/ordbog?query=jordb%C3%A6r+) it is written with two "rr"

jordbærret

and the grammatical rule says that a word ended in a stressed syllable with a short vowel must duplicate the final consonant before the addition of the definite article. I also found in wikipedia this table:

jordbær (strawberry) jordbærret (the strawberry) jordbær (strawberries) jordbærrene (the strawberries)

What do you think?

May 19, 2017

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Fire-ergens

Well, this is fairlly absurd! After doing some quick google searches (on the Danish version of google). It seems like Danish dictionaries seem to spell it like jordbærret. However, I did find some usage of 'jordbæret' so perhaps it's some sort of colloquial spelling. Anyways, perhaps there's a native speaker that can shed some light on the oh so mystrious strawberry.

May 19, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Poulpoul

Ordnet.dk will give you the correct spelling, so you are correct. Should be with two r's.

It is a logical spelling mistake as you can't hear the difference.

Other nouns such as: salær, millionær, kær or skær don't take the extra r in definite

May 21, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lerura

"æ" is mostly pronounced: /ɛ̝/ - mid front unrounded

but before "r" might also be pronounced: /æ/ - near-open front unrounded

Doubling of the consonant only occurs if it is pronounced /æ/ and is followed by only and "r".

We only have two words for which this is true:

Bær = Berry (noun): Singular Definite: Bærret
Plural Definite: Bærrene

Spær! = Block! (Imperative): Infinitive: Spærre
Present: Spærrer
Past : Spærrede
Participle: Spærret
Present Passive Continous: Spærres
Past Passive Continous: Spærredes.

These two words have a different meaning in the opposite word class. And in both cases the "æ" is pronounced /ɛ̝/. As the result there are no doubling of the consonant ("r")

Bær != Carry!
Infinitive: Bære
Present: Bærer
Past : Bar
Participle: Båret
Present Passive Continous: Bæres
Past Passive Continous: Bæredes

Spær = Rafter
Singular Definite: Spæret
Plural Definite: Spærene

And it is also true the other way around:
If "æ" is followed by a double "r" or "r"+consonant, it is pronounced /æ/, otherwise /ɛ̝/
e.g. være (be) /ɛ̝/, værre (worse) /æ/

April 16, 2018
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