"Loro sono donne."
Translation:They are women.
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Are these words usually used together? By which I mean, are they likely to be seen in a sentence without the other half? Just trying to figure out the best way of remembering them all. I know I'll probably see the improper nouns like loro and tu and io, but I mean the "are" words. :)
It was explained in the comment you replied to.
|I am||io sono|
|you are (singular)||tu sei|
|he/she/it is||lui/lei è|
|we are||noi siamo|
|you are (plural)||voi siete|
|they are||loro sono|
It's more complete over here:
You'll find that typically feminine nouns end with "a", masculine with "o" (and there are exceptions). When changing a singular to a plural, that "a" or "o" will change. The "a" to an "e". The "o" to an "i". But again, you may find exceptions along the way. Such as man being "uomo" and men being "uomini". (But you notice it still ends with that "i".)
io sono = I am
tu sei = you are (s)
lui/lei è = he/she is
noi siamo = we are
voi siete = you are (pl)
loro sono = they are
As you can see, the conjugations are by each person. It's more detailed than just "sei=are". "Sei" only goes with "tu".
And you can tell the different uses of "sono" apart by whether other things are singular or plural.
Sono una donna = I am a woman.
Sono donne = They are women.
Hello and thank you for your contributions. I am an absolute beginner at Italian and would appreciate an explanation for this. Your conjugation of the verb 'to be' above seems totally accepted by all learners and experts here, BUT, I have always referred to Reverso for looking up verb conjugations. It says the following: io sono , tu sei , egli è , ella è , noi siamo , voi siete , essi sono , esse sono .
Four of these are different to what I have been reading. Can you help? Greetings from Australia.
What are the definitions for these ? The meanings please. I want to now how to use them. Gli - for masculine nouns before vowels, Z, S+consonant, GN and some rarer consonant clusters. I - for masculine nouns in all other cases. Le - for feminine nouns. Articulated prepositions Article: il, lo, la, l', i, gli, le Di + article: del, dello, della, dell', dei, degli, delle A + article: al, allo, alla, all', ai, agli, alle Da + article: dal, dallo, dalla, dall', dai, dagli, dalle In + article: nel, nello, nella, nell', nei, negli, nelle Su + article: sul, sullo, sulla, sull', sui, sugli, sulle The compounds formed by con and per are archaic and literary, with the exception of col (con + il) for which the contraction is optional.
It looks like you copied and pasted the explanation from a website. Did you read it through?
But if it helps to have it in handy graphical form:
These are the rules for using the definite article,
the in English:
This is how the different definite articles combine with the different prepositions. The combined forms follow the exact same rules as the plain definite article:
Prepositions don't map cleanly between languages. There is no perfect one-to-one correspondence between English prepositions and how we use them and Italian prepositions and how they use them, but generally: