https://www.duolingo.com/builderofthecake

Lijk is everywhere and I want to know what it's supposed to do o:

There are lots of Dutch things that seem like they carry meaning that isn't directly stated in the course, things like ver-, be-, and -lijk seem very common. Do they mean anything, or are they just how Dutch sounds?

Bedankt voor uw hulp! Ik wil veel het Nederlands leren (want ik wil naar Nederland, en ik houd van interessante talen xD)! Misschien volgende jaar zal ik de tulpenvelden kunnen zien :3

1 year ago

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Dutchesse722
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Good observation! Both ver- and be- are prefixes (voorvoegsels in Dutch) and -lijk is a suffix (achtervoegsel) . The prefix ver confers on the adjective to which it is linked, usually an enlarging or generally changing meaning. The prefix be_ is usually put in front of certain verbs to make them passive and in turn these verbs emphasize what causes the act. For example: halen becomes behalen, wonen becomes bewonen and werken becomes bewerken. The suffix lijk can have several meanings and there are many Dutch words that end in lijk. Here is a long list of them: https://nl.wiktionary.org/wiki/Categorie:Achtervoegsel_-lijk_in_het_Nederlands.

I hope this helps you, and I hope you get to see the tulpenvelden someday soon! :)

EDIT: By the way, Lijk is actually also a Dutch noun, it means corpse. So when I first saw the title of your post, I was a tad taken aback. And just so you know, as a suffix -lijk is pronounced as luk. So verschrikkelijk (terrible) becomes verschrikkeluk. However, the noun lijk is pronounced as the English like.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Fayke
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The pronunciation of the word "lijk" is closer to the English "lake" imo (depending on both your accent in English and in Dutch), although not exactly the same.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dutchesse722
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I don't agree. If you take a word that ends in the suffix -lijk, for example eerlijk you don't pronounce it as eerlake. Nor do you pronounce it as eerlike.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Fayke
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Yes of course, I was only talking about the word lijk=corpse, not when it is used as a suffix. You were saying it was pronounced like "like", I just wanted to comment on that part.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dutchesse722
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I learned to pronounce lijk (the noun) as the English like, but it could be that in some parts of the Netherlands or other Dutch-speaking countries people pronounce it more as lake.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/greeklearn

The 'ij' sound as in the Dutch 'lijk' is not used in English I think. The word "like" comes fairly close, but the sound there is more like a combination of an 'a' as in 'after' and an 'ee' as in 'bee':

Like = 'L-a-ee-ke' ('a' as in 'after', 'ee' as in 'bee')

The Dutch "lijk" is more like:

Lijk = 'L-e-ee-k' ('e' as in 'pen', 'ee' as in 'bee')

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/knudvaneeden
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The suffix -lijk comes from 'gelijken op' (=looking like, behaving like, having something in common with ... in English).

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-lijk#Dutch

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-l%C4%ABkaz

Etymology: From *līką, originally with the sense of 'having the body or form of'.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Dutch_words_suffixed_with_-lijk

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/builderofthecake

Dus ben ik "katlijk" xD

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/knudvaneeden
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Yes, that could have been a variation or application. But it does not exist in the official Dutch dictionary. http://vandale.nl/opzoeken?pattern=katlijk

One would have to say instead:

jij lijkt op een kat (=you look like a cat).

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Eugene646451

The pronunciation of lijk (as a noun) is in between lake and like.

10 months ago
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