"You speak English and I speak Romanian."
Translation:Tu vorbești engleza și eu vorbesc româna.
I am confused as to whether it is "tu vorbești engleză/română" or "tu vorbești engleza/româna". And does including "limbă" in there affect the a/ă?
The standard variants are "Tu vorbești limba engleză" and "Tu vorbești engleza". In everyday speech, you are likely to hear people say "Tu vorbești engleză", but that is not literary.
You can use the form "engleză", i.e. without the article, in a sentence such as "Tu vorbești în engleză". This has a different meaning though; the difference is explained here: https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/218506/speak-english-vs-speak-in-english.
Can you not drop "eu" and just say "vorbesc româna" for "I speak Romanian"? I was told you only need to say "eu" if emphasizing that 'I' speak Romanian.
Yes, but there are a few cases where including the pronoun adds clarity to the sentence. For example, "Vorbesc româna" could mean either "Eu vorbesc româna", "Ei vorbesc româna" or "Ele vorbesc româna".
About the Duolingo sentence "Tu vorbești engleza și eu vorbesc româna", here there is a contrast between you ("tu") and I ("eu"), so in this type of sentence the pronouns are included for emphasis and clarity.
I would also like to know the answer to Lauren189's and victorBeha1's questions. I find this confusing also. Multumesc!
I'm still curious as to why "limba" was not included in this sentence? Is limba always optional?
No. Voi is used to refer to more than one you (you all), or when being polite (someone you don't know well, or a large age difference upwards). Tu is used for an informal singular "you" (like your friend or your dog).
When being polite, you don't use "voi", you use "dumneavoastră". But the conjugation of accompanying verbs is indeed the same as for "voi".
Yes, pretty much. Except when the context strongly suggests one over the other.
(Note that this refers to the case where we're translating from the English "you" to Romanian.)
huh! another language program told me to always put "limba" infront of saying languages! im a bit confused :o
I got this question correct apart from "Eu", but it didnt tell me i was wrong for not including "tu". are some pronouns optional while others you should allways include ?