"Ich bin sein Enkel."

Translation:I am his grandson.

June 2, 2017

34 Comments
This discussion is locked.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zuvian

lol Sounds like uncle


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/eliza763

Sounds like ankel to me lol


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Avery_Eubanks

That's gonna confuse the hell outta me later... XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Seth755472

How do you differentiate between enkel = grandchild(ren) vs enkel = grandson?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PeterwariA

You know it by it's article.

Der Enkel = The grandson

Die Enkel = The grandchildren

Mein/dein/ihr/sein Enkel = My/your/her/his grandson

MeinE/deinE/ihrE/seinE = my/your/her/his grandchildren.

If There's no article then you must use context


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SamuelHady

Learning this too but I usually use the context of the rest of the sentence.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/potatoeglot

Somehow my brain decided that German sein = Swedish sin. And somehow also thought that sin could be used for the first person singular. So there I was wondering why the sentence was I am my own grandson.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndyCantre1

Sorry, this is way out of a learning German context but: Try looking up a song by Ray Stevens- "I'm my Own Grandpa" Then your sentence will have a new level of confusion.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GFredi

Why is "I am your grandchild" correct in this case but it it not correct in the case of "Ich bin sein Enkelin"? I mean, "child" means "son" and "daughter"...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

I'm not sure what you mean -- "I am your grandchild" is not a correct translation of Ich bin sein Enkel.

It means "I am his grandchild" or "I am his grandson", not "your".

Also, Enkelin is specifically a granddaughter, while Enkel can be either a specifically male grandchild (a grandson) or a grandchild in general, sex unspecified -- especially in the plural.

Enkelsohn and Enkeltochter are a specifically-gendered pair of words.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HammadS.

Are Enkelin and Enkeltochter the same? If so, when would you use either?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Are Enkelin and Enkeltochter the same?

Yes.

If so, when would you use either?

Personal preference.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/darren262135

Im confused about the difference between ihre and sein, i can't tell when one is appropriate to mean "his/her uncle" like could this sentence still work if it was "ich bin ihre Enkel"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

The difference between sein, seine and ihr, ihre is basically like "his" and "her" in English.

sein Onkel is "his uncle", ihr Onkel is "her uncle. seine Tante is "his aunt", ihre Tante is "her aunt".

So the base word (sein-, ihr-) "his, her" depends on the gender of the owner; the ending depends on the gender of the "possession" (-e for a feminine or plural noun, no ending for a masculine or neuter noun).

Ich bin ihr Enkel would be "I am her grandson".

And Ich bin ihre Enkel would be "I am her grandsons" or possibly "I am her grandchildren" -- since Enkel is grammatically masculine, the -e ending on ihre must indicate that the noun Enkel is plural here. (The word has the same shape in the plural as in the singular.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Umer333444

Enkel = Grandson/Grandchild Enkelin = Granddaughter Enkelsohn = Grandson I hope it helps.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ashtonavocado

"Enkel" reaaaaally sounds like "Enkeln" in a lot of questions from this section.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/I-z-z-a

This is so weird for me, because 'enkel' means 'ankle' in Dutch


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hannibal-Barkas

then don't ask how the Dutch word for "vermieten" sounds in German ;-)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

One I like is Ik heb een boek gekocht. Yummy!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChandraKan636906

Why not seine Enkel


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Because that would mean "his grandsons" or "his grandchildren" rather than just one grandson.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Helena442421

why is enkelin granddaughter instead of enkeltochter


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Both Enkelin and Enkeltochter are used for "granddaughter".

They both have to be capitalised, though -- they're nouns.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/beagoodone

Perhaps is there any difference in pronunciation between plural Enkel and singular Enkel? the woman TTS and man TTS speak it in very different way, so I'm confused.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

No. They are (supposed to be) pronounced completely identically.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Stephen83116

It does not sound anything like the translation, this needs to be evaluated and corrected


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LindsyBR

Ich bin sein enkel. How do I know who the enkel is referring to Großmutter or Großvater. To deduct which of the two possessive adjectives I need to use.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Ich bin sein enkel. How do I know who the enkel is referring to Großmutter or Großvater.

sein is the possessive determiner related to er or es.

So it can only refer to the masculine Großvater, not to the feminine Großmutter.

sein Enkel = his grandchild/grandson

"her grandchild/grandson" would be ihr Enkel.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JairoLpez17

I wrote : "I´m his grandchildren."

Correct solution: I am his grandson.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

I wrote : "I´m his grandchildren."

But why? One person cannot be many grandchildren.

Also, the German sein indicates that the following noun is singular.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dodgypirate

Could anyone explain why it's just "sein" and not "seinen" please?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Could anyone explain why it's just "sein" and not "seinen" please?

You need the nominative case on both sides of the verb sein "to be" -- thus Ich (nominative) bin sein Enkel (nominative).

seinen would be masculine accusative -- wrong case.

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