"This is a serious man."
Translation:C'est un homme sérieux.
Un homme sérieux is someone you can trust, he is a pro, he behaves well.
Un homme grave is someone solemn, severe, even unhappy.
But when I hear someone described in English as serious, it usually means something like they're focused, have no sense of humor, don't have fun, which to mean sounds more like the description for grave, and Duolingo has accepted serious as a translation of grave for me before. ? I'm just confused.
There are two sense of serious in English. Something can be a serious matter, something that should be taken seriously. Or you can be a serious person, meaning that you take things seriously.
While i agree with you, without context it's not possible to translate this sentence as such from the English.
I wrote "c'est un sérieux homme"... it gave as a wrong one. I understood that I need to use the adjective "after" homme.
But sometimes we use the adjective , "before" also.. like "c'est un simple costume".. So my doubt is... what cases we should use the adjective "before"... and what cases we should use it "after"
Many common French adjectives belong to the BANGS group. BANGS adjectives (beauty, age, number, goodness, size) are adjectives that are placed before the noun they describe.
"sérieux" can be placed in front of the noun it modifies when you ant to give it a subjective meaning:
- nous avons un sérieux problème = I judge it to be extremely grave
- nous avons un problème sérieux = that's a fact recognized by many/all
Yes i had the same question. I just leant that a literal adjective eg rouge comes after the noun and figurative adjectives before eg petit. So i put serieux before. Wrong! I would have thought referring to someone as serious was always subjective.
"ceci" means "this thing", you don't use it for people.
if you want to show someone in particular, you will say "celui-ci" or "celle-ci"
Why is "c'est un homme..." not translated as " he is a..." . I thought the presence of the article would make it so
You say ""cette" is exclusively feminine."
But you can't say "ce homme est serieux" because of the connection. A logic step would be to change "ce" into "cette" to get rid of the sound problems french has, I don't know all the correct terms. The same with de l'eau instead of du eau. Or changing "sa" into "son" because else you can't pronounce the words.
Could you explain this?
'Cette' is exclusively feminine, 'ce' masculine, but when the latter is followed by a vowel or an unvoiced 'h' it changes to 'cet' and is run on in the pronunciation.
'Eau' is a feminine noun so it uses 'de la'. 'Du' is a contraction of 'de le' so is only for masculine nouns. There might also be some strangeness with 'eau' as it describes a bulk property, i.e. you can't have 'one water' as a quantity. Not too sure about this last part though.
I'm not ever aware of 'son' changing to 'sa' or vice versa.
Hope that's helpful!
It is clear! It's never "cette" but "ce" changes in "cet". Thank you!
You earned a lingot
The word 'sérieux' is it always in the plural. What about a serious woman - would it still be the same?