Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

https://www.duolingo.com/victoriala913841

my first lessons

victoriala913841
  • 22
  • 21
  • 20
  • 20
  • 19
  • 17
  • 3

good morning everybody! I understood the subjects: I, you, he, she... Very easy I understood the verbs (present 1) with the formulation. Also, I know to make the difference between you sing and you plural... Very easy

The new words are a bit complicated because my memory is weak but I think that with time , this will be enough easy

I understood the accents but sometimes I forget it.

Like I am not sure of me, the demonstratives are a bit complicated

The adjectives are very easy but it is necessary to train

I know to make the difference between "to" and "sa": "is" and "are" because I am at the level Present 1

But the big problem, it is the plurals, the end of the words who changes like "psem", "psa", "pies" :I think that this example is very particular(dog) but I know that kobieta and kobiete are feminine singular and kobiety plural. Sorry for the accents. (woman). There is three genders : feminine "a", with gender "e" and plural"y"

Say me if it is false, please. I have understood more or less The regular genders and the irregular genders I do not understand.

I would like that you helped mme for the regular and irregular genders; thank you Regards.

1 year ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Jellei
Jellei
Mod
  • 22
  • 21
  • 16
  • 9
  • 7
  • 5
  • 819

Well, I'm afraid that you got quite confused with the genders. There are different approaches to the number of genders, but we generally teach that there are five.

In singular they are: masculine (e.g. 'pies') feminine (e.g. 'kobieta') * neuter (e.g. 'dziecko')

In plural they are: masculine personal (e.g. 'mężczyźni') not masculine-personal (e.g. 'kobiety')

Masculine personal is for "groups of people with at least one man", not masculine-personal is for anything else: women, children, dogs, boxes, houses...

Then, you have the cases. So "pies", "psa" and "psem" are the same word, but different cases. "Pies" is Nominative (the basic, dictionary case), "psa" is Accusative, "psem" is Instrumental.

Similarly, "kobieta" is Nominative, "kobietę" is Accusative. "kobiety" may be either Nominative plural or Genitive singular, but you haven't encountered Genitive yet.

I'm afraid that I have no idea what you mean by "regular and irregular genders".

I'd advise you to check this topic and search for posts about genders and cases: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/16296174

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/victoriala913841
victoriala913841
  • 22
  • 21
  • 20
  • 20
  • 19
  • 17
  • 3

thank you very much for the link and for your explanation.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Marbed4
Marbed4
  • 11
  • 10
  • 5

Keep going! I remember my polish lessons at school and this language is hard even for inhabitants. I think that the best way to solve your problem is to practise. Read a lot or watch polish series and you'll get it.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/victoriala913841
victoriala913841
  • 22
  • 21
  • 20
  • 20
  • 19
  • 17
  • 3

thank you for your recommendations

1 year ago