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  5. "I do not go to school."

"I do not go to school."


June 5, 2017



Why here the destination is declared by NI, and in other sentences by (H)E?


に (ni), in this one of its many usages as a particle, denotes direction. へ (he) as you pointed out is similar, but often is used when you want to say "in the direction of ___". So as an example, "学校に行きます。" means "I go to school." This is how に is used in the sentence you've commented on. However, "学校へ行きます。” would mean "I go in the direction of school" or "I go toward school."


The ones using へ in this lesson were related to time. Is it correct to assume that by using that particle in conjunction with a time you're saying that's when you leave? (Similar to saying in english "at around 8 is when i head out"


へ is never used for time, only for direction, whereas に can be used for both.


As for clearing it out, I resume:

に- "I am going TO THE SCHOOL" (it implies that I'm not stopping anywhere else or taking a quick detour at my friend's house)

へ- "I am going in the SCHOOL DIRECTION" (it might not be your final destination but your walking in the street that leads towards the school)


You're  (>_<*)ノ


I know you wrote this like two years ago, but... will it be then grammatically correct to use に twice in the same phrase? once to denote a particular time at which something is happening, and then to denote a specific place your heading to? As in; 八時に会社に行きます, or would that be incorrect? (asking mostly because if へ denotes "in that general direction" and に "directly there", it seems a better translation to the phrase "I go to work at 8", instead of the other sounding like "I'll head towards work at 8")


So "へ" means "towards"


You might be right. But if I remember correctly, in Duolingo the positive sentence is, "学校へ行きます。" And I seem to saw an explanation on the forum that you can't use へ in negative sentences, because there's no "going" thing (movement). Meaning, this might be an easier explanation for this particular case.


Here you are,

Good question! As へ is used as a destination marker when there is movement, we often use it with verbs like "to go". However, since this sentence uses the negative, we aren't going, so there isn't actually a destination. Since we just need to mark where we "would have gone" per se, C does the job. Hope that makes sense!


And one could probably say, that に indicates location, and へ destination.


そう です〜 ありがとうございました!


this was such an excellent question. thank you for those who clarified.


The difference is NI, "I do not go to school," versus HE, "I am not going to school [right now]."


If I remember correctly from when I studied this particles, に is used mostly when you're talking about arriving/reaching the place (like in 学校に着きます - I'm arriving at school) and へ is used when you're going/departing to the place (学校へ行きます - I'm going to school). So it depends on either you're starting the action of going to the place or finishing it.


This is so confusing without the extended guides you get for web versions of the course. Could we please please please get that soon?


Thinking about it, I think 学校にいきます might translate as 'I go to school' whereas 学校へ行きます might be more like the equivalent of 'I'm heading to school' - is this correct?


Yep! It's へ(he) - headed is a great mnemonic device to help remember


that's a good one! thanks!


I really wish that there was more of an explanation as to what articles to use and where to use them.


Thanks Lori for the explanation between に and へ

Duolingo accepted 学校へ行きません as correct - 7 june 2018

Could they be interchangeable in this context?


It depends on what you're trying to say. If you want to say "I do not go to school" then I think に would be the best option here. If you want to say "I do not go in the direction of school" then へ would be the best option. Although, I think you can use them interchangeably here.


Another meaning of 学校に行きます Is I go to school as in i am a student at a schoo. Ni is also used in this way as in I particpate in a school.


I vaguely remember another verb that i was told in school to use for this type of sentence. It was a verb that means "attend" or "go" and in this use case it would specify that you go to school every day or regularly. Is there such a word thats better to use than 行く or am i remembering wrong?


The kana for the directional particle is wrong! I actually checked it with my father (he's japanese) and the kana should be instead 之


Why いきません instead of ではありません?


If you use ではありません, you are saying that there is no school at all. It doesn't exist.


You only use dewa arimasen when you are negating desu (to be). Ikimasu (to go) is simply negated by changing the su to sen.


What's the difference between に and へ?


Why not 学校には行きません ?
I don't understand when I should add a は with ません.


は is used as an amplifier (I think). If you said 学校には行きません I think it would be more like "I do NOT go to school!" whereas 学校に行きません is more like "I don't go to school."


Are you sure? From what I know, sentences in Japanese follow the pattern: {something} {particle} {something} {particle}... {verb}. Each particle describes "something" that precedes it. に (location) and は (topic) are both particles. You've got to chose which one you want. Although, if it's は then the sentence would be about school going or not.


I think if you use に、you mean you don't go to school at all, but if you use へ、you want to say I'm not going to the school today or something... Is it like that?


gakkou ni ikimasen


I thought i'd try 行ません because sometimes the readings give 行 as "iki", alas it was marked incorrect


What is the difference between "I do not go to school." and "I am not going to school."

Is one ます and the other is です?


While I don't know the answer to your first question (though it's possible there is no difference in Japanese), I can tell you that です doesn't belong here. It means "to be" (sort of), while ます isn't even a word on its own, but rather is put at the end of a verb to make it positive present/future tense (kinda like do or will). The negative present/future tense form of ます is ません (kinda like don't or won't). です is also positive present/future tense (kinda like is/are/am or will be) and its negative present/future tense form is ではありません (kinda like isn't/aren't/ain't or won't be).

There is a lot of confusion on here from people who only use Duolingo to learn Japanese, which whether you like it or not (I don't) won't be enough, even with the helpful comments. I suggest looking up other resources for especially Japanese grammar, while still practicing on Duolingo because their exercises are still very good for memorization.

I've been using https://jisho.org/ (there's also an app) for anything kanji related and http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/ for most grammar. There's also the apps Katakana Learn Experiment and Hiragana Learn Experiment for learning to not only recognize, but recall and write all the kana (and if you so much as don't know the stroke order, you really should use them if you're ever gonna write Japanese by hand). There's also Human Japanese, but you gotta pay for the full version and its exercises are not nearly as good as Duos, but you do get a lot of cultural context, so if that's your thing, maybe it could be worth it.

I hope I was able to help!


Thanks, I was looking for another resource for Japanese. Have a lingot.


Why is it ません, and not ありません? Thanks in advanced


Desu is a contraction of "dewaarimasu". You'd use waarimasen for a desu word (and we don't use desu here) and masen for a masu word (which we're using.)


How am i supposed to know how to put a sentence together?


学校に行ません  学校は私に来ます


how to differentiate between "I do not go to school." and "I didn't go to school"


All I know is that there are past forms of the verbs https://jisho.org/word/%E8%A1%8C%E3%81%8F click Show inflections




Why is the particle は wrong, can't it always be used in negative sentences?

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