"What do the men drink?"
Translation:Cosa bevono gli uomini?
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quale - singular – which
quali – plural - which
cosa – what
che - what
che cosa - what
NOTE: You can't just use the different variants of "what" randomly! Keep reading!
When "what" is followed by a verb in Italian, then we are using an interrogative pronoun. In this case, you can use Che, Cosa, and Che cosa interchangeably for "what" in the sentence.
When "what" is followed by a noun in Italian, then we are using an interrogative adjective. In this case, you should only use Che and Quale.
You use Quale when you want to be more specific, for example:
che bevi (what are you drinking)
quale bevi (which one of these drinks are yours)
I'm pretty sure "cosa" used this way is short for "che cosa" (what thing)--so that's why it would be singular--even if what you're asking about is actually plural (multiple guys, multiple beverages). I think you can also just use "che" by itself without "cosa". So it's really 3 variations [che cosa/cosa/che] of the same form.