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"Es" and "est" go with different conjugations. "Es" goes with the "tu" (you, informal) conjugation, so it's "tu es...." "Est" goes with the "il/elle" (il means either 'it' or 'he', elle is 'she') so it's "Il/elle est..."
In this case, "La robe" is "elle", so you use "est"
Are you asking a question a tad covertly? Anyway... "La robe rouge"= The red dress. "La robe est rouge"= The dress is red. One can claw thousands of scenarios from situations when each is very very different from the other. "Which dress would you prefer?"... "The red dress". "What colour is the dress?".... "The dress is red". Now try them the other way round and see if they make any sense. This is meant as a friendly hint, not as a "Redress" :)
Nouns of colors are all masculine.
- ex: "Le rouge et le noir" for "The red and the black"
Beware: most adjectives of color agree in gender and number with the subject.
- ex: "Le chat est noir" for "The cat is black"
- ex: "La chatte est noire" for "The female cat is black"
- ex: "Les chats sont noirs" for "The cats are black"
- ex: "Les chattes sont noire" for "The female cats are black"
(There are exceptions where adjectives of color do not agree, ex: "orange", "marron")
nimaayala, Est as in ChEck. Same for et and es but it is different in front of a vowel and then there are exceptions. It is so confusing here at the outset but take heart, all the french had to learn it all almost by heart. There are some rules and even logic. They'll come later or you can take a look at About.com or www.frenchlinguistics.co.uk.and roam around there. There are sites, google has one,to help with pronunciation and there are links from www.youtube.com/watch?v=spztukovzw Many of us (there are some 3 million on this French course) find the "voice" difficult, you are so not alone, but it does come clearer with much listening.At least there is only the one voice to get used to, eh? :)
A noun is a word that represents a person, place, or thing, whether concrete (e.g., chair, dog) or abstract (idea, happiness). In French, all nouns have a gender - they are either masculine or feminine. The gender of some nouns makes sense (homme [man] is masculine, femme [woman] is feminine) but others don't: the words personne [person] and victime [victim] are always feminine, even when the person or victim is a man.
It is very important to learn a noun's gender along with the noun itself because articles, adjectives, some pronouns, and some verbs have to agree with nouns; that is, they change depending on the gender of the noun they modify.
There is no easy way to determine the gender of every noun, and you have to remember the gender with each word. But a number of patterns in suffixes and word endings are helpful: some tend to indicate masculine or feminine nouns (be careful with the exceptions).
Please have a look at this comment on noun genders in French: