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  5. "にわにきいろい花がさいていますか?"


Translation:Are there yellow flowers blooming in the yard?

June 7, 2017





にわ should also be translated as "garden"


A very good sentence to explain word forms where the four い functions differently and these functions are common.

The sentence is read にわに (きいろい 花)が (さいて いますか) [or ... (さいて います) か].

  • The い in きいろ is a part of the noun いろ [colour]. Native nouns usually have readings of several kana (shorter ones like め, て [as hand] are exceptions). In this case, a single い does not make sense.

  • The second い is the adjective ending. Technically it is 連体形, modifying the flower.

  • The third い is from the special form of the 5-dan verb さく (to bloom). In classical Japanese it was さきて, and the /k/ in き was dropped and the form becomes the modern さいて.

  • The last い is from the auxiliary verb いる, which means 'is doing'.

On いろ. There is an (arranging) order for kana as iroha-order, which was mainly used before mid 20th century and is still being used today (though far less prevalently as the gojyuon-order). It stemmed from an ancient poem いろは歌 (いろはにほへと..., though colourful flowers bloom in a charming scent...), where all the 47 classical kana were used, and each kana used exactly once.

On 5-dan verbs. The rule is /k/ /g/ dropped (so い remained), /r/ /h/(as in 買ます [which was 買ひます in the classical orthography]) /t/ to a little , and in the case of /n/ /b/ /m/, /i/ is dropped and the consonant is reduced to ん. In the case of /g/ and /n/ /b/ /m/, the particle て changes to で, た to だ.


It's really lovely sentence :)


My brain just exploded!


I was expecting the answer to be 'are the yellow flowers in the yard blooming?' Would that be the answer if the article 'が' was a 'は' instead?


No. That would be: Niwa ni aru kiiroi hana ga saite imasu ka. I have no Japanese keyboard on this device.


In Japanese (with kanji): 庭にある黄色い花が咲いていますか


You can download keyboards for phones and other devices :3


what would the ある be here?


It turns にわにある ("in the yard") into a descriptive phrase modifying the noun phrase that follows it, きいろいはな ("yellow flower(s)").


but what exactly is ある? a verb, a conjunction, a preposition? I tried but couldn't find its definition and function anywhere.


ある is a verb meaning "to exist"/"to be" for inanimate objects. (いる is its counterpart for animate/living things.)


No, the "ga" is not the problem here. We use another form to say something like that.. I think it's the possesive form. It will be: niwa no kiroi hana wa saite imasuka? = are the yellow flowers in the garden blooming?


Shouldn't the particle after garden be で? に is used for destinations


I also want to know this.


I don't know about the yard, but I know there are yellow flowers blooming inside an abandoned church.

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