# "五時四十五分です。"

June 7, 2017

## 41 CommentsThis discussion is locked.

Numbers

We've been shown the numbers 1 through 10 so far, so how do you make numbers greater than 10.

ニ十　(にじゅう)(2 * 10) [20]

This goes on for any number, to get into the hundreds you just use 百 (ひゃく) (hundred)

The exact same thing is true for thousands etc. 千 (せん) (thousand)

Now having read all of that you should be able to read this number or any number up to ten thousand (which needs yet another symbol 万、まん).

It's 2345 :)

Just one question, aren't千 and 三 pronounced the same? How do you differentiate?

Also, when you want to say 三千 it's pronounced san zen.

Also, 百 (ひゃく) has pronunciation exceptions for 300 (sam-byaku), 600 (roppyaku), and 800 (happyaku).

@pinkfungi no, Japanese counting is a bit different, in that you never put 一 before 千 (or any of the other powers of ten, e.g. 十, 百). 万 (man = 10,000) is an exception which needs 一in front of it.

Here's some examples:

• 10 = 十 (juu)
• 11 = 十一 (juu ichi)
• 100 = 百 (hyaku)
• 110 = 百十 (hyaku juu)
• 1000 = 千 (sen)
• 1111 = 千百十一 (sen hyaku juu ichi)
• 10000 = 一万 (ichi man)
• 10101 = 一万百一 (ichi man hyaku ichi)
• 100000 = 十万 (juu man)
• 111000 = 十一万千 (juu ichi man sen)
• etc. etc.

1003? It would be said sen san.

so do we use —千三 for 1003 ?

When I encounter these numbers sometimes I process them as Chinese to figure out the number, then I figure out how to pronounce them in Japanese.

so the kanji for 30 that was just presented (han), is that alternative for sanjuu or just used for time?

It is confusing the way it was shown to us, but "han" means "half" and not "30".

So "ni ji han" is more like "half past two" than "two thrity" to be more precise.

Ishana - 半 means half and when it is used for time it means half an hour ie. 30 minutes. And yes, it only means 30 as in 30 minutes when it is used in regards to time.

Similar to how a quarter ( 25) means 15 in time. Han means half but can be used as 30 for time

So the year this course was created was in... ニ千十七?

Yes, though it would be usually include 年 (ねん) at the end mark it as a year, as opposed to a number. Normally though, it would just be written in numerals, except on formal documents like certificates.

Interestingly, this year is also 二十九年 if you go by Japan's Emperor-based year system. 平成29年 (へいせい), to be exact.

Wow, this is super helpful! Thanks for the mini lesson :)

In Japanese text, I see "1,2,3.." used for numbers quite frequently. Are "一、ニ、三" only used as names, the same way "One, Two, Three" are in English?

It gets a little confusing after that because there numerics end at 10,000 instead of 1000 like english. 100,000 would be 10 10,000

The issus with this number format, and this lesson in general, is that you commonly see the Kanji simply replaced by numbers. It gets rather cumbersome when wanting to convey larger numbers. I have not seen a native Japanese speaker type "五時四十五分です。" It has always been 5時45分.

Yeah, but if they didn't teach it like this we wouldn't know how to say 45. We'd probably try saying 四 五 knowing it couldn't be right and have to go back to learning exactly as we are so as to make sense of it.

Can someone explain this sentence?

Adding onto Brian's post: 時 is o'clock/hour, and 分 is minute

I never knew telling time could look this complicated 笑笑笑

Actually counting and time telling in japanese is very consistent compared to western languages.

If you think this is bad, you haven't seen counting in French

I got stuck on this for far longer than I should have. Out of nowhere we were given a number higher than 十九, "Ten and nine/Nineteen", which is 四十五, or "Four Tens and Five/Fourty five."

After realising it, it became so obvious. I was staring at 3 numbers in a row to begin with...

Should anything be different if I add an "o'clock" at the end?

No. When the time ends in :00 you just say the number + ji

Do the Japanese acrually write out kanji for times, or would they just write 5:45?

Only for extra style points on invitations or other formal writing.

They would also write out times like 5:45, or as Dustin mentioned in his comment, like ５時４５分

There is no sound on this?

So while the system isn't that hard to figure out, I'm struggling quite a lot with listening quickly enough. It would be nice if there was a slower listening option for the time questions, as things like 9:19 are pretty long tongue twisty words, pronounced rather quickly.

Would someone kindly illuminate me on the japanese character/symbol for : It's.

If English has it japanese has to have it. Help.

When did jump from 8:08 to 15:46 and numbers Duolingo hasn't taught yet?

Bruhhh I don't even know the numbers in my mother tongue & here I am making an effort for a foreign language

Geez, these numbers are a lot.