I'm so glad there are you folks in these comment forums who seem to have outside experience with this language.
I'd never understand these sentence structures without them. I hope it doesn't get clogged with noneducational jokes once they release the desktop version.
Actually, as long as it doesn't get too much off topic, I find jokes to be quite helpful. Our memory and learning is very closely tied to emotions. Out of frustration or laughter, I choose the latter to be my guide!
That doesn't have anything in common with "ohayou" so can someone break down this word?
It literally is "this evening" with the topic particle (which can be seen from the kanji which is 今晩は). This also explains why it is pronounced as "wa" and not as "ha". I think it comes from a full greeting (something along the line of "as for this evening, how are you"). This greeting started with こんばんは and eventually it became a greeting on its own. It is the same thing with こんにちは which literally means " this day" with the topic particle. (The kanji for こんにちは is 今日は).
Because it is the topic particle. は in general is the "ha" sound, but when it is used as the topic particle it sounds as "wa". Since its original use is the topic particle in こんばんは, it is pronounced "konbanwa" and not "konbanha".
A topic particle is a word that indicates what the topic is a sentence. "Ha" is a topic particle because it indicates that whatever word comes before it is the topic of the sentence.
How do you identify a topic particle and why is ha/wa a topic particle in this word?
In fact, it is not easy to identify a は (or other particles) is a particle. Some experience is needed and often we need to identify the nouns/verbs/adjectives before we can identify the particles. If we can memorize more words, then the particles will generally come out. Writing the words in kanji, or separating phrases with spaces will help.
This is a phrase that was broken up to this part and the rest was left out. The whole phrase is not used anymore... But you could sig for the info online. The whole point is that the は is pronounce wa because is part of the phrase that has a particle on it and the particle is always pronounce wa.
So its like how, in english, "alright" has grafually turned into a greeting by itself that isnt actually asking "are you alright?"
I would have a way easier time learning kanji right away, than with all this hiragana. For some reason I can memorize a kanji easier than a 4-syllable word written in kana.
Ban ばん means afternoon/evening (よる). 今 kon means this. For a more literal translation it could be This afternoon is?
Basically, 今日は。konnichi wa 今晩は。konnban wa. (even it is not really asking you) came from the questions 'How are you 今日(konnichi)?' (this day = today) ? How are you 今晩(konban) (this evening) ? as david.tole3 said. Therefore those expressions are used when you see someone, not leaving them because you already know how they are.
When you greet/meet someone at night you say こんばんは, Konbanwa, and お休みなさい, Oyasuminasai, is good night, but is used ONLY when you are about to go to sleep.
Sorry, こんばんは is used in the situation where people meet in the evening. When saying good night it has to be お休みなさい
But it said "good evening" was a correct translation... Also, goodnight is often written as one or two words...
I can see how goodnight might be considered different from good evening, though.
Yes.Also good night is for when someone's leaving, while good evening is arriving
Konbanwa means "good evening," which you say when you meet someone at night. Oyasuminasai means "good night," which you say when you're going to sleep.
O yasumi おやすみ just when you are abou to go to bed. Add なさい to make to it more formal as if you were to say good night to tour grandma.
When used in a word it is ha, such as はじめまして。 When used as a particle, it is wa, such as 私は
Correct me if I'm wrong (I have no Japanese keyboard sorry)
Konbanwa is used as a greeting in the evening Oyasuminasai is somehow like goodnight when you are going to sleep or as a farewell at night
Ok... This is going to sound stupid considering that I've been speaking English all my life. But when is evening?