Translation:No, I do not live in Kyoto.
In this context (as in there is no context) I don't think it matters. You could use both には or に. However, the meanings are slightly different. に marks the topic while は is more of a subject marker. As an example, using only に would make the sentence more literally mean "I do not live in Kyoto" while using には makes the sentence translate to more "As for Kyoto, I don't live there." Depending on the situation, you would use one or the other. Someone, please correct me if I'm wrong.
は is used for stressing negatives. As a rule of thumb, always try to use は in a negative sentence. It makes the sentence more natural.
No its only pronounced ha in the beginning or middle of a word, otherwise its wa
I think the first part of the comment was wrong: に here marks the location, and は is the one to mark the topic. Actually, I think は always sets the topic of the sentence (topic as "what you are talking about"). In this case, は's function is to stress that Kyoto is not where you live.
Your examples were right, though. As は marks the topic, it is like you are saying "as for ....,"
Actually に marks the location. So if you were to take out は it would probably be more like, "Tokyo, dont live there" but with に marking the location and は marking the subject, it's specifying that "you" don't live there.
I just want to point out that は doesn't mark the subject (who/what performs the action), but the topic (who/what we are talking about). Otherwise, as は is after きょうとに, the sentence would mean <"Kyoto" doesn't live> (if you ignored the に), or even <The "in Kyoto" doesn't live>.
You could say that too, but the nuance would be slightly different.
What you wrote simply means that you live in Kyoto, while the sentence with the subject marker "wa" as in "Kyoto ni wa..." has more emphasis on (not) living in Kyoto.
What I mean is, if you use "... ni wa" in a sentence then you are implying that while you don't live in that place, you live somewhere else.
I hope this wasn't too complicated.
I'm confused on the difference between the sentence particles に and で. The previous question was structured similarly and used で, while this one uses に(は).
I generally prefer memorizing whether to use で or に for each verb because it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between the two.
However, in grammar, で is to represent the place where an action takes place, whereas に is to represent the place where the subject stays after the action takes place. In this case if you live in a place, you stay in the place, so it uses に.
Or, put differently, に marks the destination of the verb (when you're going to Japan you 日本に行きましょう) while で states where something happens, so if you're travelling by train you're 電車で行きています.
- 住（す）む - to live (in a place)
- 生活（せいかつ）する - to live (as a civilized body)
- 暮（く）らす (= 生活する)
- 生（い）きる - to live (as a living body)
- 泊（と）まる - to stay (the night in a foreign place)
- 宿（やど）る - to stay (and reside in the place)
- 宿泊（しゅくはく）する (= 泊まる)
They are using すんでいません, which is the negative present continuous/progressive form of the verb すむ, which is the first in the list that KeithWong9 posted
And, for the past, we have "imashita" as affirmative form and "imasendeshita" as negative form
I'm pretty sure I learned in Japanese class that は cannot follow に, is that true? It just seems that は is unnecessary here.
It is false and most of the phrases can be followed by は to bring up the phrase as a topic.
this question was broken when presented in the form of an audio sample and word bank. There were several ways to spell out this exact answer but it marked all of them wrong. I even turned on IME and typed it out but it still marked it wrong, it would only accept the answer after I selected a very specific arrangement. Which took a lot of wrong answers to find.
Please report via the report flag or this page: https://support.duolingo.com/hc/en-us/articles/204728264-How-do-I-report-a-bug-
I did, I checked all the flags in the report option, but this kind of bug wasn't one I could report on.
I always have that option in the Android app. If for whatever reason you are not able to report it via the app, can you click on the link I sent and report via the web?
Again, I PUT THE RIGHT ANSWER!!! It told me I was wrong, AGAIN. I had to keep checking to make sure I wasn't wrong! This is just embarrassing (for Duolingo) at this point.
Please send a bug report via the Duolingo homepage with a screenshot whenever you see this.
How am I supposed to type in Japanese when I do not have a Japanese keyboard???
on the website or app there should be an option to select Japanese words in Japanese. If you mean in everyday life; Windows has Japanese Microsoft IME (google it to learn how to set it up and use it) Linux has something similar and I'm sure Mac has something like it too.
I would prefer if this used 京都, it's easier to read. I'm used to the Kanji though...
I find it funnier to use 京都 since it means "The Capital Capital", apparently one "capital" wasn't enough for them XD
Wait? That's in the east?! Then almost the entire country is in the east! This is northern England all over again, isn't it?!
Kyoto is in the West. However, this sentence is in "standard" Japanese, which is the elevated register of the Tokyo dialect. In the Kyoto dialect, this sentence, I think, would be "Iie, Kyouto ni wa sunda harimahen."
Could someone tell me if this course exclusively uses Kana like this until the end or does it get better? I mean, does the convential way of writing Japanese with Kanji get introduced eventually?
Duolingo confuses me. First it says I'm from Tokyo, then it says I do not live there but in Kyoto, then it claims that I don't live in Kyoto.
Saying "fix it" in the comment section won't get it fixed. Report it with the report button in the lesson.
は does not make sense in this sentence. It should be いいえ、きょうとにすんでいません。
It does make sense, to stress that it is not where you live. If you read the most voted comment and its replies, you'll see that this was already talked about
why does duo say いません is the past form but I must use the present in the answer? =/