Had this in my placement test. You can't really know that this is "two" without any context or the kanji ニ. This could mean so many things. I for example tried "at" as one of the functions of the に particle. Sorry if this is out of place in the context of a lesson on numbers.
If it says" write in English", it means writting using English words. Ni isn't an English word. It's the phonetic translation, using a different letter system.
They would have said 'write the transcription".
If you say "ni" you don't talk in English neither. So, you don't write in English.
Yes, "at" shouldn't be a choice here. Since you can't tell from context or kanji, it should try to avoid anything the に particle can get transliterated to like "at", "on", "to"... My guess is that in the Duolingo meta if it asks for a word definition it won't be a particle, it seems to ask that another way, in sentences (the particles make little sense alone, most of them, or its slangy to do so)
My first question in the placement test was to write the translation of に in English. I thought it was trying to determine whether I understood hirigana, and answered "Ni". As mentioned by many before, one can't know that the answer should be "two" without any more context. It's frustrating, because this vague "question" influences where I'll be placed... :/
(I hope this comment is helpful in shaping the course; I appreciate the work that y'all are putting into this valuable endeavor! Thank you for giving me a way to practice my language skills!)
Actually, they don't contain any letters. Kana is a syllabary; someone corrected that to a more accurate writing system in comments for another question, but I don't remember what it is called. However, I agree that 一(いち) having 1 stroke but 2 syllables and 二(に) having 2 strokes but 1 syllable is silly.
ni isn't に in English. It's Romaji, which is the representation of かな in a Roman/Latin based alphabet. English and almost all European languages use Roman/Latin based alphabets. If Romaji was English, it would be spelled nee, because in English the letters "a e i o u" sound like "e i ai o yu" in every other Latin based language I have seen (I hope that makes sense to someone). Not familiar enough with the history to say it as a fact, but since Portugal had visitors to Japan before other Europeans, Romaji is probably based more on Portuguese than any other alphabet.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepburn_romanization When people mention Romaji, they usually mean this. It was invented by an American missionary and maps Japanese sounds onto their closest English equivalents. Unlike Kunrei which focuses on maintaining orthographic consistency, Hepburn is phonetic, more about accurate pronunciation.
Anybody fluently speaking japanese here? Because I don't know: When do you write a word in kanji and when in Hiragana? Are all words written in Kanji and these in Hiragana are exceptions? Or can chose how you want to write it? Should I learn the words in both or just in Kanji? Are there words you can only write in Hiragana?
If there are Kanji that make a word, and you know the Kanji, use Kanji. Most numbers nowadays are written using the Arabic numerals. Hiragana is usually reserved for grammar, but there are exceptions. Child, or 子ども, is one. There are 2 Kanji in the word, but the 2nd doesn't have a meaning in this word so it is usually written 子ども or こども.
You answer "Ni" only if a TRANSLITERATION is asked. "Two" isthe correct answer because it's the TRANSLATION lf the character "に", not the transliteration called romaji.
I don't get why people get stuck here. There are going to be stuff way more annoying than this later on, you'll see...
hiraganas are used more often, but it is both still essential because: hiraganas are used for the original words from Japan itself like: てんぷら (tempura) meanwhile katakanas are used for adapted languages like: マクドナルド (makudonarudo which comes from the word "mcdonalds") so I think, yes you would need to learn both in order to be able to understand the language, though kanjis are also often used in a sentence so you would definitely need to learn that as well