"I will not study today."


June 11, 2017



This is why 24 parties are not the best idea. No time to study.

June 29, 2017


Why isn't there an を between benkyou and shimasen

June 13, 2017


When describing the act of studying, you can say べんきょうをします or just べんきょうします (from the verb べんきょうする, "to study")

June 13, 2017


Its because you turn benkyou into a verb by adding suru to the end or in this case shimasu because we're being taught the polite verb endings.

So the verb is benkyousuru べんきょうする therefore it does not need a particle to add a verb at the end of the sentence.

November 12, 2018



June 27, 2017


I literally have no idea what I'm saying. Lessons are without structure and don't tell us how things work. They just assume we understand things immediately.

September 3, 2017


Exactly. I'm just guessing what symbols go where. I have no clue. This is not teaching me what I need to know to properly learn it.

September 8, 2017


I agree, I have been supplimenting these lessons with other resources. Jisho, the online dictionary, has been a big help.

What I find helps, is thinking of yoda saying the sentence: Today, study I will not

今日: today  (pronounced きょう) は: marks the topic べんきょう: study しません: to not do*   (i will not)

*the verb is Suru (する): to do. It is in the polite form which is shimasu (します) and negative (to not do) which makes it shimasen (しなせん).

(Please correct me if anything is wrong, I am still learning)

December 22, 2017


useful comment but i think you used the wrong hiragana for shimasen you wrote the one for "na" instead of "ma" (sorry if it's not clear, i don't know how to write it on my keyboard)

August 23, 2019


I consider this comment section the part where they teach why I'm saying this or that.

November 12, 2017


Duolingo is, from my experience, good for practice and terrible at explaining/teaching. If you really want to learn the structure, reasoning behind it, and even a lil culture, try Human Japanese in the app store. The trail version will give you a good idea if its worth your money, but I have personally found it to be the best resource for actually learning everything. How to say it, how to write it, and all the weird rules.

October 26, 2018


You're right. The only reason why i understand any of this is because i studied Japanese as a hobby beforehand but i think that Japanese is too complex or a language to learn solely on duolingo. They dont explain hefty chunks of the basic things speakers need to know given that its so different to other languages, except maybe Korean.

November 12, 2018



August 7, 2019


I use a notebook for study with duolingo, so it's easier

January 3, 2019


Duolingo is more or less a review tool. If you're really committed to learning, there are apps for kanji, grammar, handwriting, and practically anything else you need to know about Japanese. Using them all, you can build a foundation and when you come back to Duolingo these lessons will make a lot more sense.

If you're new to the language though, you might want to try out Lingodeer. It's got pretty much everything you'll need.

August 23, 2019


Why is it しません instead of ありません?

June 11, 2017


The verb is "勉強する” (べんきょうする). The verb する is irregular and the negative present tense is しません. 「ありません」 would be the negative of the verb 「ある」, which means "there is".

June 11, 2017


You are so helpful. Thank you!

January 20, 2018


ある is to have or an innanimate object exists. So you wouldn't use it here. Side note, I really just wanted to click on the option "パ-ティ" and be done with it.

June 28, 2017


I'm afraid I missed why "は" is required after "今日". I assumed it was implied that the topic was "私", which, along with the "は" would be ommitted.

So In my imagination would look something like 今日私は勉強しません。

Am I wrong?

August 9, 2017


From my understanding, adding the は after 今日 would somewhat emphasize the "today" part of the sentence. Sort of like saying, "As for today, I will not study." Maybe you did yesterday and will tomorrow, but you won't today.

Not adding it, which Duo also accepts, would be more of a general statement with no specific emphasis. Just a very general, "Today, I will not study."

December 28, 2017


I'm nowhere near proficient enough to answer questions but Duolingo did accept my sentence without は.

December 17, 2017


勉強する is a fixed set phrase like many others outside the scope of duolingo. It is the original base form. を is optional. You can conjugate it into forms like shinai, masu, masen, mashita, masendeshita, etc depending on the sentence.

August 1, 2017


Why is し requiered between the verb stem べんきょう and the negative conjugation ません? Sorry if I got the grammatical names wrong

January 9, 2018


because "to study" is actually べんきよう します。

べんきよう meaning "studies" and します meaning "to do".

In japanese there are many more other activities which are said as :activity:+ shimasu. Like e.g. denwa shimasu (でんわ します) "to do a phone call".

And negative of します is しません.

February 2, 2018


It seems a [noun] is combined with a verb [する] and the resulting construction used as a compound verb for the specific activity. There is a funny and interesting Twitter post about it: https://twitter.com/ErikaAlpert/status/1028154746681606144

August 14, 2018


why do you keep partying duo

May 8, 2018


Ha ha. I'm in finals week, I don't know what this sentence means.

May 8, 2019



June 16, 2017


Can this phrase also be translated as "I am not studying today" and "I didn't study today" ? Is there any tense that is specified?

August 30, 2017


The continuous tense would be 勉強していません. The past tense is 勉強しませんでした.

September 9, 2017


can you say 今日べんきょはしません

June 14, 2018


What is the difference between します and います?

June 17, 2018


します is the verb "to do." It can also be attached to the end of certain nouns (like べんきょう - "study") to form what is called a "suru verb," which is basically just a verb form of that noun. So べんきょう + します = べんきょうします = "to do study" / "studying"

います is the verb "to exist" for animate objects, like people. います is also used in many places where English would use "have" as well, like in "I have two brothers."

July 15, 2018


Thanks for a great explanation!

August 14, 2018


Let me guess. It's cause we're having a party right?

August 20, 2018


What is the informal present negative of する?

August 20, 2018


I'm pretty sure that'd be するない...

August 25, 2018


When is し necessary?

September 10, 2018


why is 'は' used as the particle after 今日 and not 'に', which is what i thought was the time indicating particle?

December 20, 2018


What about if you want to say "she will not study today"? How do particles work here?

January 14, 2019


Works very similar to 'I will not study today'. All you need to do is replace the 'I' with 'She'. But where is the 'I'? In japanese you do not have to reiterate who you are talking about if the subject of the conversation is on them. If no subject has been established yet its safe to infer that the person talking is talking about themselves. For example, if I walked up to a random person and said "ばかです" I haven't established who im calling an idiot, therefore its safe to assume Im calling myself and idiot. In this sentence: "今日はべんきょうしません" no subject is established so you are talking about yourself. If you wanted to make the subject about someone else, lets say 'she', you would just insert that in the appropriate place. Japanese is an SOV language (subject, object, verb) just like how yoda talks if that helps. SO in this case 今日 is the subject, べんきょう is the object, and しません is the verb. In a Japanese sentence names always go first then time (when you are talking about someone in particular). So you would put 'she' right before 'today'. This would give you: かのじょは今日はべんきょうしません。

January 18, 2019


I wrote "i will party today" and was correct :)

August 15, 2018
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