Translation:My little sister climbs up a tree in a park.
One thing that I keep noticing is that they don't translate it as "my X" unless you explicitly say "watashi no X". However, to me there are a lot of cases where this feels unnecessary. For example here, if the "watashi no" were omitted, I would understand the sentence anyway. Another example is "watashi no sensei ha ..." versus "sensei ha ...". Does anyone else feel this way, is this a correct sentiment?
But it doesn't matter Dan that duo is inconsistent because the meaning of いもうと is NOT inconsistent - it means, and can only ever mean or be used for one's OWN younger sister. You would never ever use it for anyone else's younger sister so, as has been explained above several times already, and no doubt multiple times throughout this thread even, 私の is obsolete - not necessary - because いもうと already means MY sister all on its lonesome without the need for 私の at all!
What word would you use then for talking about someone else's younger sister? Or discussing "younger sisters" in general?
Apologies if there're mistakes here, I'm quite new to Japanese: If I was talking to a close friend, I would be inclined to translate "Your younger sister" and "Having younger sisters is difficult" as:
and respectively, something like:
Climbs can be the exact same tense as "is climbing" in English. The boy climbs up the wall. The boy is climbing up the wall. Both can mean the exact same thing. Or not. Depending on how you want to say it. Climbs, seems to sound more like you're describing the incident in a book. Is climbing, sounds more like you're telling someone.
Are you sure about that? I would've thought "climbing" is continuous-present tense, whereas "climbs" would be simple-present tense. Both happen now, as opposed to past/future, however, "climbing" is strictly an action presently being undertaken, whereas "climbs" can mean habitual / indefinite actions. I think the main distinction is that present-continuous actions are expected to end at some point. Here are a couple examples: https://www.grammarly.com/blog/simple-present/ https://www.ecenglish.com/learnenglish/present-simple-and-present-continuous
Most of the personal pronouns are written in Kanji. However, Duolingo preferes to use Kana in the exercises rather to forming what would look like a real Japanese sentence. As for the pronouns, あなた has its Kanji form (written as 貴方) but is scarcely used.
Also, we have gone through quite a lot of exercises where we wrote “I”, so I think Duolingo should use Kanji for those types of words (watashi is written as 私 in Kanji and is fairly easy).
I don’t intend to be bossy or anything, but Duolingo really should use Kanji in the exercises more often. For example, the numbers which are in Japanese often written as Arabic numerals Duolingo insists on writing Kanji — I still see 私 written as わたし.
There are so many ways to translate this sentence, if you do not know the context. It can mean that the little sister basically climbs trees, when she's in a park, or that she climbs up any tree in a particular park, or that she climbs up a particular tree in a particular park or that she will do so. Also kouen-no ki-ni can be translated in different ways: the park's tree/park's trees (not be best way), a/the tree/ trees, at/in a park/ at/in the park / at/in parks. Or you can translate it as park tree / park trees. All these answers are fine, at least in my opinion. If I'm not right, you should explain, why this or that answer isn't right. My advice, give the context with the sentence in a note, or formulate the sentence so, that it can only be one particular tree in a particular park. (Sorry, my English is not the best.)
Just checking I have this correct: 木 in this sentence is pronounced き, as that's the Kun reading of the word & it's by itself? This confused me for a bit, because I don't think Duo is being consistent here. 山 is read out as やま, which is the Kun reading, but 木 is read as モク which is its On reading.
Yes, that's right - 木 by itself is pronounced き. Duo has perpetuated this error in other lessons. In the earlier lessons introducing hiragana and a few basic kanji it lists 木 as もく repeatedly - I made sure to report it as many times as I saw it listed incorrectly. Eventually they will correct it!