"There is one desk."
As I understand, it is. Think about it as "there is one of desk" vs "there is of one desk".
Trust me, learning japanese takes time. Japanese people themselves also have to learn grammar rules. They arent born with it. They spend most of their school years learning stuff like kanji and grammer rules and vocabulary. So dont think that the entire language can be learned in just a year or something. Just keep trying and you'll get better.
That's right. Take me as an example cause i was trying to learn japanese too at first and got frustrated. So i stop doing duolinguo like 2-3 years ago. Started learning more of the grammers, kana(hiregana&katakana), kanji, particles, and the culture itself in different sources. Now i understand it so I got back in the game and now I'm flying lessons like it was nothing, but still learning the words what they mean and using comments like these for better understanding.. so thank you. Hope some of you are reading this and get the motivation like i have. Or not
Sometimes I think about this, but then I realize that learning a different language won't be much easier. And something that is easier will also be inherently less rewarding to get to the same level (though it might be more consistently rewarding since it's less frustrating). I believe in you. Also, good luck learning Swedish too.
I see you stopped learning Japanese and just went on with Swedish (as I observed in your account)
When to use ga is confusing. Its sometimes used as 'is, and somenearlier examples, it wasnt used at all. As written, its subject, number IS here.
Japanese put the verb at the end of the sentense.
Desu = is/are
Arimasu = there is/are
Ga indicates that arimasu refairs to tsukue
が marks a subject of a sentence. Think about it like you're bringing extra attention to the item.
I thought u were supposed to use "ga" for non alive things and "wa / ha" for alive things (I just guessed, since I don't know for sure)
No, that distinction is made by います and あります, the verbs meaning "to exist" for animate and inanimate objects, respectively.
Can 一つ be omitted to become つくえがあります。
Is "there is a desk" equivalent to "there is one desk"?
It depends on the context, in this case someone may had ask how many are...
Think of arimasu more as "there exists" rather than desu which is more like "it is"
Not quite. Replace wa with ga and get rid of the second ga and you'll be good. hitotsu is a counter, so it doesn't need a particle to go with it as it is attached to the noun (tsukue)
Why do you use "ga" after the modifier for multiple chairs, but before for a single chair?
It can be tsukue ga hitotsu arimasu or hitotsu tsukue ga arimasu. I just dont know the diference.
I think it should be fine; perhaps an oversight by the course developers, the flagging of which could help ;)
Waw, this thing marked me as wrong just because I didn't type the dot at the end :| the sentence completely correct. Please fix that, none of the other questions do that.
what is the difference between the わいます used for animals and the あいます used here?
I think you're mixing up a few things together here.
Here, we are using あ
ります (with a り ri, not い i) which means "to exist" and it is only used for inanimate objects, such as desks.
For animals, we use
います instead (with an い i, not り ri). It also means "to exist", but it is only used for animate objects, such as animals or people.
The わ you have there is actually the counting word for birds (also written 羽), whereas the counting word we are using for desks is つ, which is also the generic counting word for anything that doesn't have a more specific counting word or that you don't know the specific counting word for.
You can, or you should be able to. が may be more natural than は in most contexts, but we don't know any contextual information here, so if they marked you incorrect, you should report it.
Can つ sort of be used a default counter, if you don't happen to know the specific "counter for medium sized furniture" or whatever you might need to figure out otherwise?
I think so, yes. But you shouldn't use the つ counter if you're talking about people.
I thought this was a general counter especially for small things...is a desk really considered small?