June 12, 2017


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While black tea is perhaps more popular in the West than green tea, it is not a Western product; it's as Chinese as the rest.

Strictly speaking, お茶、おちゃ, is any tea. Green tea is the most commonly consumed and thus it is generally synonymous, much in the same way that in the West "tea" usually just means black tea. お or 御 is honorific.

  • 白茶、はくちゃ, is white tea.
  • 緑茶、りょくちゃ, is green tea.
  • 紅茶、こうちゃ, is what we call black tea, due the the color of the leaves. 紅 however, is red, after the color of the brewed tea. Yes, there are several kanji for "red". What we sometimes call red tea, or rooibos, is ルイボス茶.
  • 黒茶、こくちゃ, literally "black tea", is a class of teas such as Pu'er, whose leaves are fermented. Fermented tea, or dark tea. Not to be confused with what we call kombucha, or 緑茶/紅茶キノコ (mushroom), tea fermented after brewing, which itself should not confused with 昆布茶、こんぶちゃ, or tea actually made with kombu, or kelp, and is not fermented.

There are others still, such as 抹茶、まっちゃ, fine powdered green tea, 黄茶、きちゃ, yellow tea, 花茶、はなちゃ, flower tea, in which dried flowers are wrapped in tea leaves and "bloom" when steeped, which should not be confused with herbal teas, or tisanes, ハーブティー, "herb tea", 麦茶、むぎちゃ, barley tea, which contains no actual tea, and more.

Tea is complicated.

June 16, 2017


I see someone else knows a bit about tea. ^_^

Here's a short article on "What IS Tea?" - http://www.brigidsflame.com/feymorgaina/blog/?p=126

December 7, 2017


Wow. Domo arigatou, for the detailed explanation about types of tea. Btw Anata wa nihonjin desu ka.

February 19, 2018


That last line sums it up perfectly.....

April 4, 2018


Glad Im not the only one who knows this. :D I however cannot write them in Japanese. LoL

April 16, 2018


Japanese tea is always referred to as お茶, much in the same way that rice is ご飯

June 18, 2017


That's cooked rice. Rice is 米穀 「べいこく」 Besides お茶 is primarily green tea, or ceremonially made tea, as the o- prefix is honorific.

April 20, 2018


In some textbooks I have read that the difference is お茶 is Japanese green tea and 紅茶 is black tea without milk?

June 16, 2017


Black tea comese in two varieties rotal milk tea and flavoured teas and they are all called koucha

June 19, 2017


お茶 should be admited

October 25, 2017


What's the difference between ocha and koucha?

June 12, 2017


Koucha is western tea, ocha is like, green tea. This is what I recall from college at least.

June 12, 2017



June 13, 2017


Haha. I typed お茶 and it said "you missed a word" and that it wanted it to be written as 紅お茶 instead!! :D

September 16, 2017


I got it as wrong word (お茶) and they told me to use こうちゃ smh.

November 18, 2017


It let me do just ちゃ sweet

September 27, 2017


The お before the ちゃ is an honorific prefix, it is rarely used without it

November 2, 2017


This is not Chinese, it should be 'ocha', not just 'cha'

November 4, 2017


I have through all these lessons been told that (green)tea is おちゃ, but the are now telling me to spell it like こうちゃ. Is there an idea behind this, or is it just an inconsistency?

January 9, 2018


Arsuru gave a detailed explanation, but the short of it is that tea in general is "お茶" (I have never heard it used as just "ちゃ"). 紅茶 (こうちゃ) is specifically 'black tea'. Green tea is 緑茶 (りょくちゃ) but is so popular in Japan that it is likely that it will be assumed if you ask for お茶 it is by default green tea.

February 1, 2018


Why wasnt お茶 accepted?

November 18, 2017


Not sure why someone would downvote a legitimate question.

April 20, 2018


so why isn't お茶 accepted? Duolingo has been telling me ocha is tea and now its not? Even when I hover over the english word tea, for the question, ocha and its kanji variant are suggested under koucha

November 22, 2017


Not sure why someone would downvote a legitimate concern. Well, to shed some light on the matter お茶 is primarily green tea, or tea made from ceremony (the o- is a honorific prefix).

紅茶「こうちゃ」is black tea / black label tea. Duolingo has got this one wrong.

April 20, 2018


For a country who was shortly colonized/invaded(?) by the Japanese, I find it funny how this is literally our word for tea too, with a minor difference that we add a harder "a" at the end of "Chya".

November 27, 2017


Tea cultivation originated in China, and cha is originally a Chinese word. Words for "tea" in most languages around the world ultimately derive from words in one Chinese language or other, either cha as in Mandarin and Cantonese, or te as in the Southern Min spoken in Amoy, from where Dutch merchants brought tea to Europe. So it's not surprising that your language and Japanese have similar words for tea.

See the following links for more details:

January 8, 2018


Yeah, duolingo no. 紅茶 is black tea 茶 is tea.

April 20, 2018
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