By adding "Ko"at the beginning of a specific word it adds the word little in it?
They can be hard to distinguish, depending on the font that's used, but in this case: り = the "ri" in ひらがな, and リ = the "ri" in カタカナ.
And just FYI in case you didn't already know: hiragana and katakana are two 'alphabets' of about 50 characters each, containing the same set of sounds.
り and リ are both the "ri" sound, with the former being hiragana and the latter katakana.
While リ is pretty much always the same, the connection between the first and second vertical stroke isn't always there in the hiragana り, as you can see in this example: http://mjapanese.bravehost.com/JpnFonts/hirafont3.jpg
Loan words are words that are borrowed from one language into another.
テーブル "te-buru" is from the English "Table"
ベッド "beddo" is from the English "Bed"
パン "pan" is from the Portuguese "Pão" (bread)
In English we have words like "karaoke", "haiku", and "sushi" which are all loan words that originated from Japanese.
That's not the relevant usage here. I assume that hint is referring to this grammatical feature used to indicate a non-exhaustive, non-sequential list in Japanese.
Yeah, In japanese there are three types of alphabet. Hiragana : used for writing Japanese words, Katakana: used for writing foreign origin words and finally Kanji: alphabets from Chinese. There are 50 each alphabets in Hiragana and Katakana.
Because Japanese "R" is combination of "D", "L", and "R". We gotta pronounce it "Todi(तोड़ी)".