I've hit a wall
Up until now I've been doing good learning Spanish, but the moment I started past tense it feels like I've hit a wall. What's a good way to help me understand past tense?
For Spanish past tense, learn the regular verbs first (the rules are in the Tips& Notes ), then the irregular verbs. Duolingo makes your life hard here, because in the lessons, it thows in regular and irregular verbs mixed up.
If you find an unknown verb, go on Spanishdict, and hit "conjugation" For example, for ser: http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/ser
For ir (=to go) http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/ir
Yes, the past tense (preterite) conjugations for ser and ir are same. (Why? Dont know)
Have you tried studyspanish.com, a good site that gives you lessons and practice in just about everything. Then there's Memrise, they may have a lesson or two, not sure.. Maybe that's why R&R was invented, lol. Like doing puzzles, sometimes you just have to step back a little. let the mind refresh .
Spanish past tense is really tough because there are many, many exceptions to rules (I would argue that more verbs break rules in the past tense than follow past tense, although I don't have actual proof. It certainly feels like all of the verbs you need day-to-day are the rule breakers...). I learned regular verbs before branching out (I mean, ser just kills me in basically any tense). Then it is literally just memorization. There is no intuitive way to learn it, it just is how it is...
Arika Okrent has a video on irregular verbs in English, and obviously some of the same principles apply to Spanish https://youtu.be/o82_XBJXxMk
In the case of English, the irregular verbs tend to follow the rules for Old English but less commonly used verbs have moved on to use modern English rules.
In Spanish the equivalent of Old English would be Latin, and if you look at the conjugation for ir for example you see three similar latin words that have been jammed together into that one conjugation. In other cases it seems that if the irregular verb was regular it would be awkward to say, so the rough edges have been filed off.
http://www.wikilengua.org/index.php/Lista_de_per%C3%ADfrasis_verbales someone gave me this link but i don't know if it will help you or not i'm not quite to that stage yet
I've hit walls before! Just keep plugging away and making mistakes and doing exercises, and eventually you will break through!!
For the preterite tense, just remember: -e, -aste, -ó, -amos, -aron. Like a mantra. "e, aste, o, amos, aron."
And for the -er verbs, "e, iste, ó, imos, ieron"