"What will we do today?"
In my Japanese grammar study book it says a question mark is used when the か question particle is not. You can ask someone their name by saying
There is no か particle there so the question mark is used. If you asked it slightly more polite I think it would be
The か acting as the question mark so they use 。to end the sentence.
I feel more comfortable with は being dropped. One thing that confuses me is that in the English translation, technically the invisible dropped 'we' is the subject, not today 今日. So if you did not drop the subject 私達は, you would have two は ie (今日 は、 私達は 何を しますか. Can someone explain? I know that "Today" can be a subject (eg 今日は暑いToday is hot) but in this sentence, 今日 acts more as an adverb of time.
The topic (marked by は) is usually first, especially if it is a mention of time as it is here. Then the "neutral" word order is to have the object (marked by を) immediately before the verb. If you put anything else between them, that gets emphasized: "Yes, yes, but what shall we do today?" (and I suspect putting the topic there makes it especially odd). You can read more about this at https://8020japanese.com/japanese-word-order/
Well, that depends, on what you want the answer to be. There is a difference. Even though sometimes situations both would be possible.
何をしますか in the sense of FUTURE is more like "what are we (or whoever) going to do, what is the plan?" (asking for information on something that is already decided, e.g. the content for the lesson, the plan for a trip/ the next holiday...)
しましょう is more like "should" and mainly used for suggestions.
何をしましょうか。What should we do? (asking for suggestions/ opinion)
x しましょうか? should we do x? (making a suggestion and asking for opinion or agreement)
x しましょう! Let's do x! / We should do x! (saying that it is good idea to do x, you want to and plan to do it, but still give the others the hypothetical possibility to decline. It's a little more polite because it's less direct than します, but still a strong suggestion.)
I'm not 100% sure, but I would've said 今日は何をしましょうか to incorporate "we". But the ましょう form of ます hasn't been introduced yet.
if you wanted to be more specific with wanting to say "we" would it have to be at the very start of the sentence? or could it go right before the verb?
kyou wa nani ga watashitachi shimasu ka? (sorry no JP keyboard.)
That sentence makes sense to me.
As of today, What will we do?
There has to be a subject particle after 私たち. It cannot be が because the question word is not the subject. So it must be は and the complete sentence is 今日は私たちは何をしますか (Although it is grammatically correct, it is not natural to include two は like this in the sentence, so either dropping the first は, or dropping the whole 私たち phrase altogether.)
Not a native speaker, but I don't think you generally interpolate "time" clauses between object and verb. I've just gotten used to the idea that, barring some extraordinary reason for emphasis, "kyou" always goes right at the beginning.
Also, "watasitasiha" wouldn't be included unless the purpose of the question would be to ask: "What are WE doing today?".
し is part of the verb します、the polite non-past conjugation of the verb する "Do"
ます is just a verb ending, it itself is not a word and cannot stand on its own.
今日は - On the topic of today (today)(topic particle)
何を - What thing (what)(direct object particle)
しますか - Will you do (Do)(Question particle)
が puts stress on the word that comes before it. You wouldn't put the new information particle が before a question word like 何 since it is not "we" that is important, but the thing we want an answer to "what"
我々itself isn't necessarily wrong but it's formal and usually used when speaking on behalf of a company or group, so it sounds a bit strange in normal conversation