https://www.duolingo.com/YourBoyKrishna

"Lustig," "Traurig," "Fertig," and "Wichtig"

Why do "lustig," "traurig," "fertig," and "wichtig" all end in 'ig'?

June 16, 2017

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Mr_Eyl

The same reason many adjectives in English end in -y. Both it and -ig come from the same root in earlier Germanic languages.

June 16, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/YourBoyKrishna

Thanks, Mr_Eyl.

June 17, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/ceda.velickovic

A lot of adjectives actually end with -ig. Words like "dreckig", "eilig", "giftig", "saftig" all end wit -ig. It is just a suffix for that makes adjectives out of nouns (example: "saft" means juice, add -ig and it becomes "juicy". The pronunciation of the suffix is different in many parts of the German speaking world. Germans would say "saftiCH" but Austrians and the Swiss would stick with the "g" sound.

June 16, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/YourBoyKrishna

Thanks, ceda.velickovic!

June 17, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/SimX29

I'm not sure. Maybe that's just how the language evolved. Every language has words that rhyme, and have the same endings. There does not have to be a reason as to why words end the way they do. That's like asking why does "dig, wig, and big" end in "ig"? Do you know the answer? You could always do more research into it. Sorry, I could not be of more help.

June 16, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Scharing2

you can form an adjective out of a noun by adding an "-ig"., some examples: Lust - lustig, Hast - hastig, Fett - fettig, (sometimes losing the ending of the noun): Ecke - eckig, Trauer - traurig, (sometimes modifying the whole word): Schlaf - schläfrig, Eifer - eifrig.

But there are also a lot of adjectives ending in "-lich": Ende - endlich, Deut - deutlich, Haus - häuslich.

And, finally, there are words that end in "-ig" without being an adjective, f.e. Honig.

June 17, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/YourBoyKrishna

Thanks, Scharing2!

June 17, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Tomaszek1999

It is a quite frequent ending for adjectives in Germany, but I don't know any special rule about this. For example lustig is connected with die Lust(which means joy), when eg traurig doesn't have any coincidence like this.

June 16, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Paralars1

actually, it is die Lust, and traurig comes from die Trauer, which means grief or sadness

June 16, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Eva33964

We have it too in Swedish: "lustig", "färdig", "viktig". (The word "traurig" we don't have). The user ceda.velickovic is right.

June 17, 2017
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