"There are animals on the mountain."
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To those asking why に is followed by は i will paraphrase an excellent answer i saw earlier:
Dont think of は as the subject marker. Rather, the topic marker. に is still correct usage for "on the mountain" (山に) but by putting the は after, it becomes the topic.
It would be a slightly different sentence if the は was used for どうぶつ because it would be something like this: "there are animals on the mountain" vs "the mountain has animals on it". An ever so slight difference.
います (and あります) require an indirect object indicated by に.
At first, I also thought the に should be optional, because that is true for sentences that describe attributes (rather than the existance) of something:
山は動物が大きい(です) would mean "The animals on the mountain are big".
In this case, the は particle is enough to indicate location.
Not quite; look closely at those kanji
動 is the kanji for "move" which is found in 動物 'animal' (moving-thing)
働 is the kanji for "work", this kanji has a component of 動 'move' but you'll also see on the left side there is a 亻which is the radical form of 人 "person"
動く・うごく "to move"
働く・はたらく "to work"