https://www.duolingo.com/jacob_garofalo

Struggling with the language

I love languages. I started learning Ukrainian to talk to a person I know whose first language is Ukrainian. I downloaded a keyboard, learned the alphabet, and started caring about it. Now though, I'm struggling. I get lost in the complicated grammar and rules. I'm thinking of just not actively studying it, but I don't know what to do? Thanks in advance for any advice!

June 21, 2017

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/iwc2ufan

Perhaps you need to study the grammar rules outside of Duolingo. When I first started learning Polish, a similarly complicated Slavic language, I read a really good grammar that helped me get familiar with all the grammatical categories that Slavic languages require you to understand that English doesn't.

Is anything hard for you in particular? We might be able to help you here. Duolingo users are great at helping each other.

June 21, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/jacob_garofalo

That is good advice. I've been looking at a lot of grammar sites to try and understand the rules. The main problem I have right now is in the numbers course. It says certain words are in nominative vs. accusative; however, I haven't been able to find anything explaining that. Thank you!

June 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/iwc2ufan

I am sorry if I misunderstood this, but do you not know what nominative and accusative mean then? Nominative basically means 'subject', so in the sentence 'Alice has a duck', 'Alice' is nominative. Accusative means in the direct object position, so 'duck' is in the accusative position. You will also get things like genitive and dative. Genitive means possessive so in 'This is Alice's duck', Alice's is genitive. An example of dative would be 'I gave the duck to Alice', where the 'to Alice' part is dative. In English, we use word order and sometimes prepositions to express these ideas, while Slavic languages use noun endings, so you could mix up the word order in theory and still be understood if your endings were right. Here is a previous post I found that will explain those again, plus the other cases: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/20690642/A-Good-Guide-To-Ukrainian-Cases

As for the numbers part, imagine if we had different forms for our numbers depending on their use in the sentence. For instance, if, to say 'Two ducks are eating bread' vs. 'I see two ducks' used slightly different words, like two and twoth or something. The first 2 is nominative, the second one is accusative.

June 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/skstudio

I do not know which languages exactly you have learned until now, but looking at your Duo-badges, I can say that Ukrainian is very different in many aspects from other languages you have learned on Duo. So, it is "normal" that you struggle with it. "Do not let frustration infect your learning." With time things will start making sense. You might want to read through the sticky threads in the Ukrainian Discussion. They may answer some of your questions and will give you pointers to additional resources.

June 21, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Anna197845

Hello everyone, I´m a native Ukrainian speaker, created an Instagram account Ukrainian Online https://www.instagram.com/ukrainian_online/ for all who are interested in learning Ukrainian. I think it might be helpful for some of you :)

October 13, 2017
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