Struggling with the language
I love languages. I started learning Ukrainian to talk to a person I know whose first language is Ukrainian. I downloaded a keyboard, learned the alphabet, and started caring about it. Now though, I'm struggling. I get lost in the complicated grammar and rules. I'm thinking of just not actively studying it, but I don't know what to do? Thanks in advance for any advice!
Perhaps you need to study the grammar rules outside of Duolingo. When I first started learning Polish, a similarly complicated Slavic language, I read a really good grammar that helped me get familiar with all the grammatical categories that Slavic languages require you to understand that English doesn't.
Is anything hard for you in particular? We might be able to help you here. Duolingo users are great at helping each other.
That is good advice. I've been looking at a lot of grammar sites to try and understand the rules. The main problem I have right now is in the numbers course. It says certain words are in nominative vs. accusative; however, I haven't been able to find anything explaining that. Thank you!
I am sorry if I misunderstood this, but do you not know what nominative and accusative mean then? Nominative basically means 'subject', so in the sentence 'Alice has a duck', 'Alice' is nominative. Accusative means in the direct object position, so 'duck' is in the accusative position. You will also get things like genitive and dative. Genitive means possessive so in 'This is Alice's duck', Alice's is genitive. An example of dative would be 'I gave the duck to Alice', where the 'to Alice' part is dative. In English, we use word order and sometimes prepositions to express these ideas, while Slavic languages use noun endings, so you could mix up the word order in theory and still be understood if your endings were right. Here is a previous post I found that will explain those again, plus the other cases: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/20690642/A-Good-Guide-To-Ukrainian-Cases
As for the numbers part, imagine if we had different forms for our numbers depending on their use in the sentence. For instance, if, to say 'Two ducks are eating bread' vs. 'I see two ducks' used slightly different words, like two and twoth or something. The first 2 is nominative, the second one is accusative.
I do not know which languages exactly you have learned until now, but looking at your Duo-badges, I can say that Ukrainian is very different in many aspects from other languages you have learned on Duo. So, it is "normal" that you struggle with it. "Do not let frustration infect your learning." With time things will start making sense. You might want to read through the sticky threads in the Ukrainian Discussion. They may answer some of your questions and will give you pointers to additional resources.
I am using Pimsleur for speaking, Duo and Read Ukrainian! for written/reading grammar. Pimsleur will go a long way in helping you to crystallize the language and become fluent. You will be lead by the hand by an English speaking moderator with responses provided by native speakers, a man and a woman. It is geared for adults and helps you put the language into long term memory via cognitive dissidence, a mild yet amusing anxiety state where you are constantly word/phrase/sentence searching in your mind for the proper response. You will be given time to respond and then hear how a native speaker uses the language. The course is designed for you to have an "Aha!" moment and will take you to an intermediate level of speaking IF you practice and review the 30 minute lessons as needed.