Translation:I will take out money from the wallet.
Kanji have on (Chinese) readings and kun (Japanese) readings. 出す (dasu) and 出る (deru) are both kun readings. シュツ (shutsu) is the on reading. There are other readings as well.
Why? Kun readings are usually tied to the meaning of the word, not so much the reading of the kanji. 出す and 出る are a pair of transitive and intransitive verbs with similar meanings.
開ける (akeru) - to open (transitive)
開く (hiraku) - to open (intransitive)
According to wiki, it's from Dutch: https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Japanese_words_of_Dutch_origin
Downloading a kanji app for practicing on the side has been really helpful. I know that 金 meant gold and 出 meant open or out, so i just had to make an educated guess what the sentence meant based on what duo just taught me. Gosh this language is great! Really recommend learning kanji separately though, as duo doesnt introduce them vey well at all..