Soy Vs. Estoy
I keep seing this around and I want to know for sure. I get them confused, any help??
soy is permanent and estoy is impermanent. Soy comes from the verb Ser (to be) and estoy comes from the verb Estar ( To be).
by permanent I mean something that is unlikely to change, like your sex or name or where you were born. example Soy Hannah.
If I were to say Soy aburrido that would mean I'm boring ( I am defining a permanent characteristic about myself) estoy aburrido means I'm bored ( impermanent and a just in the moment feeling)
There are some exceptions to the rule but generally that's how it is. Location generally uses Estar though " estoy en canada"
I find it easiest to think in terms of two words: "characteristics" linked to ser ( I am tall, I am a dad, the concert is in the park ) and "states" linked to estar (I am sitting, I am ill, I am in Paris. ) There are lots of examples and practice in the Language Transfer Series, "Complete Spanish". Check out Languagetransfer.org and you can then access their 90 free audio lessons in the Complete Spanish Series on a variety of platforms including YouTube. It is a great program to get you speaking as well.
There are some rules to use here, like 'estoy' is temporary and 'soy' is permanent.
I'm in level 18 an I still make errors with this. so does everyone else. It's considered one of the hardest irregular verbs.
Look below and you will find that 850660 has correctly noticed "estoy feliz' means "I am happy" but doesn't tell you "soy feliz" is also correct.
"estoy feliz" is appropriate to thank someone for the dinner.
But "soy feliz" is also correct.
It tells you he is not Doc, happy, sneezey, dopey....
Sometimes it tells youthat She is a ❤❤❤❤❤ but I am happy.
If you find a clear way to know the difference let me know.
soy feliz is like saying I am a happy person and estoy feliz is saying "im happy"
estoy aburrido is I'm bored soy aburrido is I'm boring. they're not really the same.
Ok... Ser= Permanente (PERMANENT) Estar= Temporal (TEMPORALY)
EXAMPLES: Yo soy una persona----permanentemente serè una persona
Yo estoy feliz--------en este momento estoy feliz, esto es temporal, porque en cualquier momento puedo estar triste
A good way to remember:
Estar marks changes of states. Things were a way before and now they are a different way. I. E.: Estoy gordo (implying I wasn't fat before, but now I am, hence the change of state. Another example: Ana está muy guapa hoy, which means she usually isn't, so it changed from her state before). This explanation can also help you with some "exceptions" (which aren't actually exceptions, but that follow this rule, for example: Está muerto -- he/she/it was alive before but now his/her/its state changed, so we express it through 'estar'). It can also be used to express location when used with the preposition 'en' (estoy en Madrid).
Ser is used to describe (soy alto, soy flaco, soy español, soy abogado, es verde). It's also used to talk about events that take place in a certain place (again followed by the preposition 'en': la fiesta es en casa de Juan, los juegos olímpicos son en Pekín).
I hope this helps.
I liked this explanation. I know these verbs pretty well but you really zeroed in on it - kudos
The most basic way to put it is.
Soy - Permanent, something you can't change. Estoy - Temporary, something that can change.
Soy de México - I am from Mexico, you cannot change where you come from.
Estoy cansado - I am tired, but you won't always be tired.
I use this in my head whenever I get confused.
Soy= To be (am/are). Example: I am= Yo soy
Estoy= I`m happy= Estoy feliz
In English we use the same word to say "estoy" and "soy".
P.D= Espero haberte ayudado.
Borracho means drunk. Está borracho means he is drunk right now. Es borracho means he is a drunk. The verb Estar is used for things more temporary than permanent and for location while Ser is used for things more permanent than temporary. Estoy en la oficina. Soy abogado. I hope this helps. I've struggled with this one a good bit too but stay with it and it gets easier. Speaking Spanish is loads of fun when you begin to "feel" it.