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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Anas2110

Genitive case

Hey you! ...... I would like someone shares me what is the genitive case? I cant 100% get it would be really cool if you are using English translations so it makes it easier ......If you got a good blog for explaining it ,it would be really so good and thanks in advance :)

June 24, 2017

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Diablofire

The genitive case is basically the case that shows possession.

1) Possession

My dog's[G] food[N] - food is the subject (nominative[N]) and the dog is the owner (genitive[G]).

Das Essen[N] meines Hundes[G] = Meines Hundes[G] Essen[N].

The second form is outdated. Rather use the first form "Das Essen meines Hundes".

2) Dative replacing Genitive (colloquial)

Der Vater[N] der sieben Töchter[G] = Der Vater[N] von den sieben Töchtern[D]

The second form is only used colloquially and is not considered "good" German.

That's the jist of the genitive case (Thanks to Heike333145 and guitarluehe for correcting my post).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Heike333145

In general I agree with your comment. However, there are mistakes in your second forms.

"Das Essen[N] meines Hundes[G] = Mein Hunds[G] Essen[N]."

The form on the right-hand side should be:

"Meines Hundes Essen."

But this form is outdated. The modern form is only the one on the left-hand side.

"Der Mann[N] des Schlosses[G] = Das Schloss'[G] Mann[N]."

This right-hand form is not possible, and the left-hand form unfortunately does not make a lot of sense either (its form is correct, but I can't figure out a situation in which it would fit). Ah, now I see: You wrote "origin". In this case here, we would not use the genitive, but we would say: "Der Mann aus dem Schloss" (the man from the castle).

"Der Vater[N] der sieben Töchter[G] = Der Vater[N] von der sieben Töchtern[D]"

Here is a minor error in the right-hand form; it should be "von den sieben Töchtern".

(BTW, I did not downvote your contribution; I have no idea who did it. I would never downvote a sincere contribution.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Diablofire

@Heike333145 and guitarluehe: Thanks, I'll remove those alternate versions. I didn't mean to misinform anyone (my bad) and will just stick to the general left hand form.

I had something like "Julias Essen" in mind and completely messed it up.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/guitarluehe

I did not downvote neither. But I confirm everything that Heike wrote.

Grammar is one first step into a language. But it often leads to learning uncommon sentences. It is very often preferable to use only the most commmon way for active speech and translating into a foreign language. Understanding and passive usage needs much more ways and expressions.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Anas2110

Thank u all guys I haven't been here for kinda so long ........thanks for ur replies but as a last question which one is correct (I am not talking whether it's outdated or not)

Meines Hunds Essen or Meines Hundes Essen?

And thanks so much


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Diablofire

May I asked why my post was down voted? I apologise if I made a mistake. If so, could someone point it out?

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