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  5. "Il doit" vs "Il faut" ?


"Il doit" vs "Il faut" ?

What is the difference between these words? They both seem to translate as "must", but surely there are different connotations?

June 25, 2012



Perhaps a simpler answer: a. If you need to say somebody in particular must do something, use doir (devoir). Je dois, tu dois, il/elle/on doir, nous devons, vous devez, ils/elles doivent. b. If you want to say something must be done in general, but don't care who does it, use faut (falloir): il faut. And it's always il faut -- no other pronouns or special endings.


How about "Il te faut" vs "Tu dois"?


"You need to" vs "You have to". The first is stronger and more formal.


"Il faut" is an impersonal form whereas "il doit" is a personal one. "Il faut" can not be conguated, it will always be like that and "il doit" can became "elle doit" for a girl. I don't know if it is clear sorry but even for a french it is complicated to explain I give you two different translations of "he must works" and "she must works" as an example : 'Il doit travailler" "Il faut qu'il travaille"

"Elle doit travailler" "Il faut qu'elle travaille"


He has to work - Il doit travaille (devoir form)

She needs to work - Il faut qu'elle travaille (falloir form)

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